Morandi, Giorgio

Morandi, Giorgio

(jôr`jō môrän`dē), 1890–1964, Italian painter and etcher, b. Bologna. He studied at that city's Fine Arts Academy (grad. 1913) and from 1930 to 1954 was a professor there. Influenced early by Cézanne, cubism, and futurism and subsequently associated with the pittura metafisica (1918–20) of ChiricoChirico, Giorgio de
, 1888–1978, Italian painter, b. Vólos, Greece. Chirico developed his enigmatic vision in Munich and Italy and from 1911 to 1915 he worked and exhibited in Paris.
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, he developed an independent style. In his restrained and introspective still lifes of exactingly arranged bottles, vases, and jars painted with a muted and limited tonal range and an absence of perspective, Morandi created an art of quiet eloquence and absolute modernity. While best known for these works, he also executed numerous floral studies and landscapes. His work is revered in Italy for its poetic qualities.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Abramowicz (2005); study ed. by M. C. Bandera and R. Miracco (2008).

Morandi, Giorgio

 

Born July 20, 1890, in Bologna; died there June 18, 1964. Italian painter and graphic artist.

Morandi attended the Bologna Academy of Arts from 1907 to 1913; he later taught at the academy from 1930 to 1956. Influenced by P. Cézanne and cubism, he was also attracted to metaphysical painting. From 1919 to 1922 he was a member of the Valori Plastici group. Morandi primarily produced still-lifes. After the mid-1920’s the severe structural purism and geometric abstraction of objects in Morandi’s work (Metaphysical Still-life, 1918, Hermitage, Leningrad) gave way to lyricism and subtle associations of images from the real world (Still-life, 1944). Morandi’s paintings are characterized by a poetically contemplative mood, a unique fusion of reality and the artist’s ideal, and a harmonious combination of rhythmic, orderly patterns with a variable color scheme. Morandi also painted landscapes and produced many etchings.

REFERENCES

Vystavka Dzhordzha Morandi. Bologna, 1973. (Catalog; text in Russian and Italian.)
Sarab’ianov, D. “Mir Morandi.” Tvorchestvo, 1973, no. 10.
Marchiori, G. G. Morandi. Rome, 1969.
Guiffre, M. G. Morandi. Florence, 1970.
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