Morelos

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Morelos

(mōrā`lōs), state (1990 pop. 1,195,059), 1,917 sq mi (4,965 sq km), S Mexico. CuernavacaCuernavaca
, city (1990 pop. 279,187), capital of Morelos state, S Mexico, in the Cuernavaca Valley. Increasingly a suburb of Mexico City (to the north), Cuernavaca has flour mills and beverage, textile, and cement industries. It is also a popular tourist and health resort.
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 is the capital. Morelos is separated from the Federal District and from Mexico state by the east-west volcanic chain crossing central Mexico. Morelos itself is mountainous, with many broad, semiarid valleys in the south. The climate is cold in the mountains and hot in the valleys. Chiefly agricultural, the state grows sugarcane, rice, cereals, tropical fruits, and vegetables. Industrial progress is prevalent; automobile manufacturing is significant, and mining is being developed. The principal towns are Cuernavaca and CuautlaCuautla
, city (1990 pop. 110,242), Morelos state, S Mexico, in the Cuautla River valley. It is a highway junction and the heart of a sugarcane and rice district; in the late 20th cent. it experienced growth as an outlying suburb of Mexico City.
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, which is famous for its defense (1812) by José María Morelos y PavónMorelos y Pavón, José María
, 1765–1815, Mexican leader in the revolution against Spain, a national hero. He was, like Hidalgo y Costilla, a liberal priest.
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 in the war against Spain. The state, created in 1869, was named in his honor. It is one of Mexico's most densely populated states.

Morelos

 

a state in Mexico, situated in the southern part of the Meseta Central. It has an area of 4,900 sq km and a population of 616,000 (1970). The administrative center is Cuernavaca. Rice and sugarcane are the principal crops, and fruit is grown for the markets in Mexico City. The chief industries are food processing (primarily sugar) and textiles, and artistic crafts are important. Morelos also has a thriving tourist trade.

Morelos

an inland state of S central Mexico, on the S slope of the great plateau. Capital: Cuernavaca. Pop.: 1 552 878 (2000 est.). Area: 4988 sq. km (1926 sq. miles)