Moriscos

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Moriscos

(môrĭs`kōz) [Span.,=Moorish], Moors converted to Christianity after the Christian reconquest (11th–15th cent.) of Spain. The Moors who had become subjects of Christian kings as the reconquest progressed to the 15th cent. were called Mudéjares. They remained Muslim, and their religion and customs were generally respected. After the fall of Granada (1492), Cardinal Jiménez converted many Moors by peaceful means. However, the rigorous treatment of those who refused conversion or apostatized from the new faith led to an uprising (1500–1502) in Granada. This was soon suppressed. Faced with choosing between conversion or banishment, the majority accepted conversion, but many continued secretly to practice Islam. The Moriscos at times provided the Ottoman Turks with information facilitating Turkish raids on the Spanish coast. Persecuted by the Spanish Inquisition and subjected to restrictive legislation (1526, 1527), the Moriscos rose in a bloody rebellion (1568–71), which Philip II put down with the help of John of Austria. The Moriscos prospered in spite of persecutions and furthered Spanish agriculture, trade, and industries. However, in 1609 Philip III, influenced by Lerma, decreed their expulsion for both religious and political reasons.

Bibliography

See H. C. Lea, The Moriscos of Spain (1901, repr. 1969).

Moriscos

 

the members of the Muslim population who remained in Spain after the fall of the emirate of Granada in 1492.

Forcibly converted to Christianity, the majority of Moriscos continued to profess Islam in secret. They were harshly persecuted by the Inquisition and were forbidden to use Arabic or to give their children Arabic names; Arabic books were burned. Tens of thousands of Moriscos perished on the pyres of the Inquisition.

The Morisco rebellion of 1568–70 was ruthlessly crushed, and a considerable number of Moriscos were exiled to the barren interior of Spain. In 1609–10 the Moriscos were expelled from Spain. The majority resettled in North Africa; in Morocco they formed the oligarchic republic of Bou Regreg, which existed from 1627 to 1641, while many others settled along the Algerian coast and in northern Tunisia.

The expulsion of the Moriscos had grave economic consequences for Spain’s southern provinces. At the same time it contributed to the rise of horticulture, irrigated cultivation, and craft industries in Tunisia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Harrison was the first Englishman to learn personally of the full extent of the Morisco tragedy.
3) The early sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were a period of conflict and animosity between Spain's Habsburg monarchy and its various Morisco populations.
Ironically, the Morisco forgeries succeeded so well because Granada's mainstream Christian population, while largely indifferent to the religious syncretism and cultural Arabism in the plomos, found their historical content useful for their own, entirely different, cultural needs.
There is a fine collection of illustrations of dancers, some clearly like modern morris, but all said to be morisco.
John also proved himself compassionate in victory: Ordered by Philip to destroy utterly the Morisco stronghold at Galera, John did raze the city flat--but only after allowing 4,200 noncombatants to leave in peace.
120) On morisco medicine as part of the general process of alienation of morisco culture in sixteenth-century Spain, see L.
If the anti-Muslim polemics of Jews living in Christian Spain and elsewhere are worth discussing in a book about Muslim-Jewish relations in Islamic Spain, surely mudejar and morisco anti-Jewish polemics like the fourteenth-century Tayid al-milla and its analogues are as well.
In this work there is relatively little concerning the latter, although the expulsion of one thousand Morisco families from a declining population in 1609 must have had considerable repercussions.
Trottier dedicated his career mostly to managing junior exploration companies, having first joined the Morisco Mining Group as Vice President of Research and Development from 1987 to 1993, thereafter followed by President of Coleraine Mining Resources from 1993 to 1996.
La poblacion also quotes nineteenth-century Colonial Casta documents where: "chino" is a referent to the offspring of a "Morisco" and a "Spanish woman" (Aguirre 177); Morisco is the offspring of a Spanish male and a Mulatto woman (Aguirre 175); and that "china, lepera [foul mouthed woman] or prostitute meant the same thing" (Aguirre 179).
La imagen del morisco en la monarquia espanola durante los siglos XVI y XVII.
But Fuchs's book ventures into Black Legend polemics as well, considering Spain perhaps not so much from a specifically English as from a broader European perspective, in order to find out what might have been the role of racial coloring and morisco blackness in the perpetuation of la leyenda negra.