Henry Morton Stanley

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Sir Henry Morton Stanley
John Rowlands
Birthday
BirthplaceDenbigh, Wales, United Kingdom
Died

Stanley, Henry Morton (b. John Rowlands)

(1841–1904) journalist, explorer; born in Denbigh, Wales. After an unhappy youth he came to New Orleans (1859) and received his new name from a merchant who informally adopted him. During the Civil War he served in the Confederate army and then the Union army and navy; after the war he covered Gen. W. S. Hancock's expedition against the Indians (1867) as a correspondent. He also went to the Middle East as a journalist. Sent by Bennett of the New York Herald in 1869 to find the "lost" Scottish missionary, David Livingstone, Stanley found him deep in Africa in 1871 and greeted him with the oft-quoted "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" On his return to England, Stanley's claims were not at first believed but he went back to Africa and explored extensively (1874–77) and published Through the Dark Continent (1878). He helped to organize the Congo Free State (1879–84). After several more expeditions, he went to London and, becoming a British citizen again (1892), was elected to Parliament (1895). His last years were spent in further travel and lecturing, and he died in London.

Stanley, Henry Morton

 

(real name, John Rowlands). Born Jan. 28, 1841, in Denbigh, Wales; died May 10, 1904, in London. Journalist and explorer of Africa.

Stanley left Great Britain for the USA at the age of 17. In 1871–72, as a correspondent for the New York Herald, he journeyed from the eastern coast of Africa deep into the interior in search of D. Livingstone, who was believed lost. He found Livingstone in a village near Lake Tanganyika; they both later explored the lake. Stanley led an Anglo-American expedition across Africa from east to west from 1874 to 1877. Starting from Zanzibar, he reached Lake Victoria and determined its circuit. He discovered the Ruwenzori Mountains and Lakes Edward (Idi Amin Dada) and George, explored the Kagera River, and traveled around Lake Tanganyika; he reached the Lualaba River and established its identity with the upper course of the Congo (Zaire) River; he navigated the Congo River to its mouth and mapped its middle course, which had been unknown to Europeans.

In the service of the Belgian king Leopold II from 1879 to 1884, Stanley participated in the conquest of the Congo River basin; on the way he explored several of its tributaries and discovered Lakes Leopold II (Mai-Ndombe) and Tumba. Between 1887 and 1889 he recrossed Africa at the head of a British expedition, this time from west to east, explored the Aruwimi River, and established that Lake Edward belongs to the Nile system. Waterfalls on the upper Congo are named after Stanley.

Figure 1. Staged evaporation: (a) two-stage intradrum, (b) three-stage with exhaust cyclone; (1) clear section (first evaporation stage), (2) flow of boiler water, (3) salt section (second evaporation stage), (4) cyclone (third evaporation stage)

WORKS

Through the Dark Continent .... vols. 1–2. London, 1878.
In Darkest Africa ..., vols. 1–2. London, 1890.
In Russian translation:
Kak ia otyskal Livingstona. St. Petersburg, 1874.
V debriakh Afriki, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCE

Gornung, M. B., Iu. G. Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.

I. N. OLEINIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
1871: Henry Morton Stanley, sent to Africa by his newspaper to find Scottish missionary David Livingstone, finally made contact with him at Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika with the words: "Dr Livingstone, I presume.
Peacefully in hospital, on 5th March, aged 91 years, Morton Stanley (Stan), dearly beloved husband of Evelyn, dear dad of David and Judith, much loved grandad of Gemma and Laura.
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DCI EUGENE MORTON Stanley Tucci Morton is a former FBI agent who is sent to Fortitude to help with the investigation.
They will walk (or rather ride) in the footsteps of Sir Henry Morton Stanley (in his search for the missing explorer David Livingstone) and Winston Churchill, starting at the legendary source of the Nile and ending at the magnificent national park Murchison Falls in the north.
Centenary Captain Tom Sheldon said: "As well as providing Redditch Golf Club with a fresh start, the move next to Morton Stanley Park also bequeathed a priceless legacy to Redditch - a town centre municipal golf course.
But spare a thought for the hack who made Livingstone a household name - Henry Morton Stanley.
Nine years later, the former Welsh orphan, after having changed his name to Henry Morton Stanley, gained worldwide recognition as Africa's greatest explorer, uttering the words "Dr.
I know that the famous explorer Henry Morton Stanley once lived close to Roscommon Street before he set off for Africa to find the legendary Dr David Livingstone in 1871.
EXPLORER Henry Morton Stanley was so determined to find Dr Livingstone he vowed not even death would get in his way - according to a new book.
Among the topics are the African Association, Antarctica, the voyage of the Beagle, Gertrude Bell, James Cook, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Charles Darwin, the Explorers Club, the Gobi Desert, Thor Heyerdahl, the International Geophysical Year, the Leakey family, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley, Alexander Mackenzie, maps and mapmaking, the history of oceanography, Powell Expeditions, Russian exploration, Society of Women Geographers, and manned and unmanned space exploration.
British explorer and newspaper reporter Henry Morton Stanley (p.