Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering

Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering

 

(full name, D. I. Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering), the largest educational and research center in the USSR for chemical engineering. It was founded in 1920 as a successor to the Moscow Industrial School, which had been established in 1898. Among the scientists associated with the founding of the institute were V. P. Panteleev, P. P. Shorygin, V. M. Rodionov, I. A. Tishchenko, N. F. Iushkevich, N. N. Vorozhtosov, N. P. Peskov, Ia. I. Mikhailenko, P. P. Budnikov, and A. F. Kapustinskii. In the 1930’s a chemical machine-building institute, an engineering institute of light industry, and institutes of the meat and dairy industry and the food industry were founded in Moscow from departments of the Chemical Engineering Institute.

In 1973 the institute had departments of inorganic materials technology, organic materials technology, chemical engineering of fuels, silicate technology, chemical engineering sciences, and engineering physical chemistry, an evening department; a department for advanced training of instructors at higher educational institutions; a preparatory division; a branch in Novomoskovsk; a graduate school; 62 subdepartments; ten special problem laboratories; two sectorial laboratories; and a chemical cybernetics center. The institute’s library houses 1.2 million volumes.

In the 1972–73 academic year, 10, 000 students attended the institute, and the teaching and scientific staff numbered 1, 100, including 66 professors and doctors of sciences and about 400 lecturers and candidates of sciences. The staff of the institute includes Academicians N. M. Zhavoronkov and I. V. Petrianov-Sokolov and Professors B. V. Gromov, N. M. Pavlushkin, A. P. Kreshkov, N. N. Suvorov, S. V. Gorbachov, N. T. Kudriavtsev, and M. Kh. Karapet’iants.

The institute grants doctoral and candidate’s degrees. The journal Trudy (Transactions) has been published since 1932. The institute has trained 27, 000 engineers since its founding. The institute was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1940 and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1971.

S. V. KAFTANOV

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