Moscow Veterinary Academy

Moscow Veterinary Academy


(full name, I. I. Skriabin Moscow Veterinary Academy), one of the leading pedagogical and scientific institutions in the field of veterinary medicine. It was founded in 1919 as the Moscow Zooveterinary Institute. In 1948 that institute and the Moscow Military Veterinary Academy were merged to form the Moscow Veterinary Academy.

The establishment and development of various schools of scientific thought at the veterinary academy have been associated with the work of such scientists as K. I. Skriabin (helminthology), S. N. Vyshelesskii (epizootiology), N. A. Soshestvenskii (pharmacology), A. F. Klimov (anatomy), B. M. Olivkov (surgery), P. N. Kuleshov (zootechny), and M. F. Ivanov (zootechny). Among those who have worked at the Moscow Veterinary Academy are Academician S. I. Vavilov; Corresponding Members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR G. K. Khrushchov and B. I. Lavrent’ev; Academicians of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences M. P. Tushnov, I. S. Popov, S. S. Perov, V. M. Iudin, A. A. Poliakov, and N. F. Popov; and Professors V. M. Koropov, S. I. Afonskii, N. A. Mikhin, and A. R. Evgrafov.

Students at the academy have included Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR G. K. Skriabin and Academicians of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences I. E. Mozgov, V. K. Milovanov, Ia. R. Kovalenko, N. V. Likhachev, and N. A. Shmanenkov. The academy was named after K. I. Skriabin in 1973.

As of 1973, the Moscow Veterinary Academy consisted of departments of veterinary medicine, zootechny, veterinary biology, animal products, and pedagogy. It has a correspondence school, a department for advanced training of specialists, a preparatory division, and officers’ courses for the veterinary service, a graduate division, and 45 subdepartments. The academy also has five special problem laboratories; museums of anatomy, pathological anatomy, parasitology, and veterinary history; a model farm; and a library (about 500, 000 volumes).

In the 1972–73 academic year the Moscow Veterinary Academy had an enrollment of 4, 500 students, including students from 30 foreign countries, and a teaching staff of more than 300 instructors, including two academicians, 45 professors and doctors of sciences, and 160 docents and candidates of sciences. The academy is accredited to confer doctoral and candidate’s degrees. Since 1935 it has published Trudy (Transactions; by 1972, 60 volumes had been issued). During the years of Soviet power, the Moscow Veterinary Academy has trained about 30, 000 specialists. It was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1969.