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(mīmŏn`ĭdēz) or

Moses ben Maimon

(mī`mən), 1135–1204, Jewish scholar, physician, and philosopher, the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, b. Córdoba, Spain, d. Cairo. He is sometimes called Rambam, from the initials of the words Rabbi Moses ben Maimon. His organization and systemization of the corpus of Jewish oral law, is called the Mishneh Torah [the Torah Reviewed], known in English as the Strong Hand, and is still used as a standard compilation of halakahhalakah
or halacha
[Heb.,=law], in Judaism, the body of law regulating all aspects of life, including religious ritual, familial and personal status, civil relations, criminal law, and relations with non-Jews.
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. He also produced a number of discourses on legal topics; a work on logic; a treatise on the calendar; and several medical books, including an important work on hygiene. His great philosophical work is the Moreh Nevukhim (1190, tr., Guide for the Perplexed, 1963), written in Arabic, in which he explained the esoteric ideas in the Bible, formulated a proof of the existence of God, expounded the principles of creation, and elucidated baffling metaphysical and religious problems. The Moreh Nevukhim, which reflects Maimonides's great knowledge of Aristotelian philosophy and attempts to reconcile it with the tenets of Jewish theology, dominated Jewish thought, helped introduce Aristotle to medieval Christian philosophers, and has exerted a profound influence upon Christian thinkers.


See biographies by S. Zeitlin (2d ed. 1955), A. J. Heschel (1981), and M. Halbertal (2013); studies by J. Melber (1968), M. Fox (1990), and S. B. Nuland (2005).



(Moses ben Maimon). Born Mar. 30, 1135, in Córdoba; died Dec. 13, 1204, in Fustat, near Cairo. Jewish philosopher of the Middle Ages.

In 1148, Maimonides left Spain because of the Almohad dynasty’s persecution of Jews; he lived in Morocco and Palestine, settling in Egypt in 1165. In 1187 he became a court physician to Sultan Saladin of Cairo. Maimonides’ chief philosophical work, Guide of the Perplexed, was published in Arabic in Egypt in 1190 and subsequently translated into Hebrew and Latin (a Russian translation is in S. N. Grigorian’s Iz istoriifilosofii Srednei Azii i Irana 7-12 vv., 1960).

Maimonides is the most outstanding representative of Jewish philosophy of the Middle Ages. He based his system on the teachings of Aristotle as interpreted by Arab thinkers. By synthesizing revelation and speculation, the Bible and Aristotle, Maimonides went beyond the limits of orthodoxy; his rationalism and “purification” of truth from miracle brought him the enmity of the adherents to religious tradition. He exerted an influence on the development of Scholasticism in the 13th-15th centuries, particularly influencing the medieval Aristotelians Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940. Pages 454-57.
Moses ben Maimon: Sein Leben, seine Werke und sein Einfluss, vols. 1-2. Leipzig, 1908-14.
Bamberger, F. Das System des Maimonides. Berlin, 1935.
Sarachek, J. Faith and Reason: The Conflict Over the Rationalism of Maimonides. Williamsport, Pa., 1935.
Baeck, L. Maimonides. Diisseldorf, 1954.
Silver, D. J. Maimonidean Criticism and Maimonidean Controversy, 1180-1240. Leiden, 1965.
Zac, S. Maimonide. Paris, 1965.



also called Rabbi Moses ben Maimon. 1135--1204, Jewish philosopher, physician, and jurist, born in Spain. He codified Jewish law in Mishneh Torah (1180)
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But I refused to limit myself to three hours of sleep in bed in spite of the practice of Moses Maimonides and maybe Moses Mendelssohn too.
Kraemer's intellectual biography lends itself to comparison with the only other of its kind, Herbert Davidson's Moses Maimonides (2005).
The Mishneh Torah (Repetition of the Law) is a legal code which organizes the entire Jewish law from the Bible to the twelfth century--"from the time of Moses the lawgiver to the time of Moses Maimonides.
If we acquire them without at the same time having learned to be critical thinkers, we become the kind of person that the twelfth-century Jewish philosopher Moses Maimonides wrote about when he said,"Men like the opinions to which they have been accustomed from their youth; they defend them, and shun contrary views: and this is one of the things that prevents men from finding truth, for they cling to the opinions of habit.
Moses Maimonides, the outstanding medieval jurist and philosopher, adopts a unique approach to the Mishnaic ruling with regard to therapeutic abortion.
Rafael Edelmann (Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaards Forlag, 1961), 2:300; Arabic text and Hebrew translation in Mishnah with Commentary by Our Teacher Moses Maimonides, ed.
By the 12th Century in Spain, the genre of computus literature was occupied by several figures, the most important being Abraham Bar Hiyya (1065-1136) who wrote the first major such treatise, Sefer ha-'Ibbur (1123), Abraham Ibn Ezra, a towering figure of scientific learning who wrote a treatise by the same name in 1146, and Moses Maimonides whose treatise on the 'ibbur was later incorporated into his code of Jewish law, Mishneh Torah.
This Jewish rationalist tradition reached its culmination in the work of Moses Maimonides (11351204), whose extensive use of Aristotle and the Neoplatonic tradition to show the inner rationality of Judaism formed the touchstone against which all subsequent Jewish thought measured itself.
of Chicago Divinity School) points out, it is ironic that Moses Maimonides, the influential 12th century Jewish philosopher-theologian who has been characterized as elitist, beget many popular movements.
Moses Maimonides, the pre-eminent medieval Jewish philosopher, said that Jews are commanded to possess Torah scrolls.
Despite the reputation of Moses Maimonides (1138-1204) as an unrivaled Talmudist and his stunning achievement as a codifier of Jewish law, to a significant degree he has, to the chagrin of Menachem Kellner, Professor of Jewish Thought at the University of Haifa, long been honored more in the breach than in the observance.