Sharett, Moshe

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Sharett, Moshe

(mō`shə shərĕt`), 1894–1965, Israeli statesman, b. Russia, originally named Shertok. In 1906 he emigrated to Palestine where he was active in the labor movement. In 1933 he became head of the political department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. Sharett was David Ben-Gurion's closest associate in the struggle for an independent Jewish state. In 1948 he was appointed foreign minister of Israel and from 1953 to 1955 served as prime minister. He resigned from the government in 1956. Sharet sought to strengthen Israel's position by statesmanship rather than confrontation, emphasizing "caution" rather than "courage." His replacement as premier by Ben-Gurion in 1955 and retirement in 1956 reflected the movement in Israel toward confrontation that resulted in the 1956 Arab-Israeli War.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Z. Rosensaft (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
The name Moshe Sharett may be familiar: He was the second Prime Minister of Israel, sandwiched between the two terms of the titan David Ben-Gurion.
McDonald, who is shown to be sympathetic toward Israel, later cabled White House aide Clark Clifford, another Israeli sympathizer, to inform him that Truman's note had "embittered Israeli opinion" and that Premier David Ben Gurion and foreign Minister Moshe Sharett might be forced "despite their will and better judgment to resist U.
In June of 1948, at the ceremony swearing in the first group of IDF soldiers, Moshe Sharett, foreign minister for the provisional government, referred to the Arab League as a golem created by the British.
The personal diary of Moshe Sharett, one of Zionism's chief diplomats before 1948 and Israel's first foreign minister and prime minister from 1953 to 1955, sheds light on this important question.
Let's go back to 1954 and to the documented letter exchange between two Israeli Prime Ministers, David Ben Gurion and Moshe Sharett.
Ben-Gurion also plotted against his successor Moshe Sharett.
Although many Arab leaders privately accepted that peace with Israel was necessary and inevitable -- including Sadat's predecessor Gamal Abdel-Nasser who conducted promising secret peace contacts with then Israeli Prime Minister Moshe Sharett --none at the time were bold enough to say it publicly.
Yitzhak Rabin, Golda Meir and Moshe Sharett (all former Labor prime ministers) are turning over in their graves," Pines-Paz declared.
His prime minister Mohsin Al Barazi even told an American diplomat in Damascus: "I am probably committing political suicide, and even taking a calculated risk of assassination by agreeing to meet Israeli foreign minister Moshe Sharett in the hope of getting American assistance to get my country on its feet.
Yet Gilbert demonstrates that, when all was said and done, Churchill deserved the testimonial sent to him on his eightieth birthday by Moshe Sharett, the Foreign Minister of Israel: "'Your staunch advocacy of the Zionist idea, your belief in its justice and ultimate triumph, and your joy in its consummation with the rise of an independent Israel, have earned for you the everlasting gratitude of the Jewish people'" (p.
Ahmad's son, historian Mahmood Ibrahim, states: "The mass exodus of Palestinian villagers was described by Moshe Sharett of the Zionist foreign bureau and Josef Weitz, who headed the transfer commission, as a "wonderful thing," and advised "don't let them return".