Victoria Falls

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Victoria Falls,

waterfall, c.1 mi (1.6 km) wide with a maximum drop of 420 ft (128 m), in the ZambeziZambezi
, river, c.1,700 mi (2,740 km) long, rising in NW Zambia, S central Africa, and flowing in an S-shaped course generally E through E Angola, along the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, and through central Mozambique to the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean, near Chinde.
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 River, S central Africa, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border. The falls are formed as the Zambezi plummets into a narrow chasm (c.400 ft/120 m wide) carved by its waters along a fracture zone in the earth's crust. Numerous islets at the crest of the falls divide the water to form a series of falls. The thick mist and loud roar produced there are perceptible from a distance of about 25 mi (40 km). The Boiling Pot, the beginning of a winding gorge (c.50 mi/80 km long) through which the river flows below the falls, is spanned by a 650 ft (198 m) long bridge that is 310 ft (94 m) above the river. The gorge is now partially submerged as a result of the construction of the Kariba DamKariba Dam
, hydroelectric project, in Kariba Gorge of the Zambezi River, on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, S central Africa; built 1955–59. One of the world's largest dams, it is 420 ft (128 m) high and 1,900 ft (579 m) long.
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. David LivingstoneLivingstone, David
, 1813–73, Scottish missionary and explorer in Africa, the first European to cross the African continent. From 1841 to 1852, while a medical missionary for the London Missionary Society in what is now Botswana, he crossed the Kalahari desert and reached
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, the British explorer, visited the falls in 1855 and named them for Queen Victoria. The falls are part of two national parks and draw many tourists to the area.

Victoria Falls

 

one of the largest waterfalls in the world. Located on the Zambezi River in southern Africa, it is 1,800 m in width. The water plunges down over the lip from a height of 120 m into a narrow (130 m) and deep (140 m) gorge of basalt rocks, forming gigantic columns of water spray. The natives call this waterfall Mosi-oa-tunya, “the smoke which thunders,” or Seongo, “the rainbow.” During the course of the year the water discharge varies greatly; on an average it amounts to about 1,400 cu m per sec. These falls were discovered in 1855 by the British explorer D. Livingstone and were named after the British queen.