Mosquito Coast


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Mosquito Coast

or

Mosquitia

(məskē`tēə, mōskētē`ä), region, east coast of Nicaragua and Honduras. The name is derived from the Miskito, the indigenous inhabitants and remnants of the ChorotegaChorotega
, aboriginal people and language group of Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Little is known of the Chorotega, primarily beause of the absence of extensive ruins.
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, who were never conquered by the Spanish. Never exactly delimited, the region is a belt c.40 mi (60 km) wide extending from the San Juan River north into NE Honduras. It is sultry and swampy, rising to low hills in the west. Lobstering has replaced banana cultivation as the major economic activity, but most inhabitants depend on subsistence farming.

In the early colonial period, English and Dutch buccaneers preyed on Spanish shipping from there, and English loggers exploited the forest. England established a protective kingdom at BluefieldsBluefields,
town (1995 pop. 30,208), capital of the South Atlantic Coast Autonomous Region and Zelaya dept., SE Nicaragua, on Bluefields Bay at the mouth of the Escondido River. It is Nicaragua's chief Caribbean port. Hardwoods and fish are exported.
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 in 1678. Slaves from Jamaica were brought in to increase the labor supply. In 1848, the British took San Juan del NorteSan Juan del Norte
, small town, SE Nicaragua, on the Caribbean Sea. Small quantities of bananas and hardwoods are exported. Also called Greytown, it was occupied (1848) by the British to secure control of the Mosquito Coast and to check the U.S.
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 to offset U.S. interest in a transisthmian route to California. Nicaragua protested the seizure. The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850) between the United States and Great Britain checked British expansion, but relinquishment of the coast was delayed until a separate treaty was concluded with Nicaragua (1860), which established the autonomy of the so-called Mosquito Kingdom.

In 1894, José Santos ZelayaZelaya, José Santos
, 1853–1919, president of Nicaragua (1894–1909). Although a leader of the Liberal party, he kept power by playing the Liberal and Conservative parties against each other and established an unswerving dictatorship.
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 ended the territory's anomalous position by forcibly incorporating it into Nicaragua. The northern part was awarded to Honduras in 1960 by the International Court of Justice, thus ending a long-standing dispute. The Miskitos clashed with Nicaragua's Sandinista government in the 1980s, and in 1987 they were officially given partial autonomy, including control over local natural resources. Little real change, however, has resulted, and the area remains impoverished. Land rights remain a source of conflict, and in more recent years there has been violent conflict between Miskitos and settlers seeking access to land and resources.

References in periodicals archive ?
The primary reason is I grew up with him, as Han Solo, as Indiana Jones, and eventually he played a role in one of my favourite films, Mosquito Coast.
Harrison Ford, who filmed The Mosquito Coast in Belize (formerly British Honduras), published a letter in Canada's Globe and Mail in Sept.
They still fish the sea and the freshwater lagoons along what is now known as the Mosquito Coast.
and share office space with our affiliate, the Saul Zaentz Company--a film producer whose credits include One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Amadeus, The Unbearable Lightness of Being, and Mosquito Coast.
Kirkus said "Theroux has recaptured the sweep and density of his 1981 masterpiece The Mosquito Coast.
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He hired me to be his chef while shooting The Mosquito Coast in Belize but that is another story.
Harrison in The Mosquito Coast YOUR FILM GUIDE Columbo Goes to College (UTV, 1.
For example, he analyzes Paul Theroux's Mosquito Coast (1981), Jon Krakauer's Into the Wild (1997), and Alex Garland's The Beach (1998) as variants of Robinson Crusoe's alienation from British society, obsessive search for authenticity, and ambivalent treatment of the Other (Friday, his servant).
Peter, accompanied by son Patrick and fellow Labour MP Greg Pope, chose a route which has been a historic graveyard for visitors and which was known for centuries as the Mosquito Coast.
Our most serious problems in this region are just beginning," said a worker for the Irish aid agency GOAL in the Mosquito Coast town of Puerto Lempira, Honduras.