Mostar


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Mostar

(mô`stär), city (2013 pop. 65,286), in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Neretva River. Its name means "Old Bridge," referring to the 16th-century stone bridge built by Ottoman sultan Sulayman the Magnificent, which, along with numerous Turkish mosques and old houses, was destroyed in the 1993–94 siege of the city during the Bosnian civil war; the bridge was rebuilt in 2004. Prior to the war, Mostar had been the chief city of Herzegovina. It produced tobacco, wine, and aluminum products, with bauxite mines and a hydroelectric plant operating nearby.

Known in 1442, Mostar became (16th cent.) the chief Turkish administrative and commercial center in Herzegovina. It passed to Austria in 1878 and to Yugoslavia in 1918. In 1993, as Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
, Serbo-Croatian Bosna i Hercegovina, country (2013 pop. 3,791,622), 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km), on the Balkan peninsula, S Europe. It is bounded by Croatia on the west and north, Serbia on the northeast, and Montenegro on the southeast.
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 was torn by civil war after declaring independence from Yugoslavia, Croats and Muslims began a nine-month-long struggle for control of Mostar. Bosnian Croats relentlessly bombarded the eastern, Muslim section of the city, reducing most of it to ruins. Since a cease-fire in 1994, attempts to restore civic unity to Mostar have proceeded fitfully.

Mostar

 

a city in Yugoslavia, located in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina. Population, 48,000 (1971). Located in a picturesque part of the Neretva River valley. Local industries include textiles, tobacco, and food; bauxite is mined in the region. Founded in the 15th century, Mostar was a major center in the struggle against the Turkish yoke from the 16th to the 19th centuries, and then against Austro-Hungarian occupation from the late 19th century until 1918.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dzeba said that at today's meeting the most discussed was the question whether a part of the proposal regarding the Central Zone was constitutional or not, and whether part of the solution should be the introduction of the deputy mayor in the City of Mostar.
Ivana Jelicic, a law student at the University of Mostar, highlighted the positive effect of this kind of extracurricular education.
From Dubrovnik, head to Mostar where breathtaking waterfalls and the worldfamous diving festival are to be discovered.
Dragan Covic: "Inventivnost Tima - Vodic za menedzere", (in Croatian) DAAAM International University Book, Editor: B Katalinic, ISBN 3-901509-25-4, DAAAM International Vienna and University of Mostar, Mostar - Vienna, 2003.
Mostar mayor Ljubo Beslic and his colleagues Andro Vlahusic (Dubrovnik) and Alija Behmen (Sarajevo) emphasised the importance of two Pan-European routes Adriatic-Ionian corridor (Italy to Greece) and European Route E73 (Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia) that would pass through these countries.
During today's meeting, we decided to establish a technical working group for projects in Bosnian city of Mostar and in adjacent areas.
The committee said there had been a reason for the bridge's destruction, to isolate the Muslim community in West Mostar.
In your letter of January 1, 1998, you submitted to this Dicastery several questions about the position of the Holy See and of the Bishop of Mostar in regard to the so-called apparitions of Medjugorje, private pilgrimages and the pastoral care of the faithful who go there.
Hearts 3 (Bannon, Galloway, Colquhoun), Velez Mostar 0.
THE KUNG FU movie star Bruce Lee would have turned 65 in November, and a two-ring media circus descended on Mostar, Bosnia, for his birthday.
Torn by civil war, the Bosnian town of Mostar is hoping to reconcile intense ethnic divisions through a world hero, Bruce Lee.
Linda Jenkins, former president of the Pasadena, CA, LWV, and former CA LWV state board member, worked with the League in Sarajevo and Mostar in 1998.