Mostar


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Mostar

(mô`stär), city (2013 pop. 65,286), in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Neretva River. Its name means "Old Bridge," referring to the 16th-century stone bridge built by Ottoman sultan Sulayman the Magnificent, which, along with numerous Turkish mosques and old houses, was destroyed in the 1993–94 siege of the city during the Bosnian civil war; the bridge was rebuilt in 2004. Prior to the war, Mostar had been the chief city of Herzegovina. It produced tobacco, wine, and aluminum products, with bauxite mines and a hydroelectric plant operating nearby.

Known in 1442, Mostar became (16th cent.) the chief Turkish administrative and commercial center in Herzegovina. It passed to Austria in 1878 and to Yugoslavia in 1918. In 1993, as Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
, Serbo-Croatian Bosna i Hercegovina, country (2013 pop. 3,791,622), 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km), on the Balkan peninsula, S Europe. It is bounded by Croatia on the west and north, Serbia on the northeast, and Montenegro on the southeast.
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 was torn by civil war after declaring independence from Yugoslavia, Croats and Muslims began a nine-month-long struggle for control of Mostar. Bosnian Croats relentlessly bombarded the eastern, Muslim section of the city, reducing most of it to ruins. Since a cease-fire in 1994, attempts to restore civic unity to Mostar have proceeded fitfully.

Mostar

 

a city in Yugoslavia, located in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina. Population, 48,000 (1971). Located in a picturesque part of the Neretva River valley. Local industries include textiles, tobacco, and food; bauxite is mined in the region. Founded in the 15th century, Mostar was a major center in the struggle against the Turkish yoke from the 16th to the 19th centuries, and then against Austro-Hungarian occupation from the late 19th century until 1918.

References in periodicals archive ?
And in defiance of the outside world, the Croats in west Mostar have renewed a campaign to evict the dwindling and elderly population of some 3,000 Muslims from their sector.
Mr Bowen and his crew risked their lives to get into Mostar - the only way into the besieged town was over a remote mountain path.
We are greatly disappointed that the local Bosnia Croat leadership in Mostar rejected the European Union compromise for establishing a Mostar city government,'' White House spokeswoman Kathy McKiernan said Sunday.
Sometimes it seems that God has turned his face from us here in Mostar," he said, taking hold of my arm for emphasis.
Beginning in Q3 2008, HT Mostar will launch VoIP services based on Sylantro's renowned Synergy Multiplay Application Feature Server (AFS).
Davutoglu visited Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque and the historic Mostar bridge.
Mostar is the chief town in Herzegovina, and therefore now part of the state of Bosnia, and in Bosnia the scars so carefully erased in Dubrovnik are all too plain to see.
Sally, 37, known as the Angel of Mostar, was put on a drip following five days of refusing food and drink.
Michael Jones, both report that the Bishop of Mostar, Ratko Peric, has ruled out the supernatural character of appearances of Our Lady at the famous place of pilgrimage in Bosnia, Medjugorje.
Bosnian Croat leaders missed a Saturday deadline to accept elections that gave Muslims majority control in Mostar, leaving European leaders on the verge of abandoning their mission to unite the ethnically divided city.
SARAJEVO, Apr 11, 2009 (TUR) -- Turkish Parliament Speaker Koksal Toptan has visited Turkish Consulate General in Mostar as part of his official trip to Bosnia-Herzegovina on Friday.
Nick and Claire Wright, of Albany Road, Earls-don, will be leaving for Mostar in Bosnia in March, to work with children and teenagers traumatised by the war in former Yugoslavia during the 1990s.