Montezuma

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Related to Motecuhzoma: Hernan Cortes, Quetzalcoatl, Francisco Pizarro

Montezuma

(mŏntĕso͞o`mä) or

Moctezuma

(mŏk–), 1480?–1520, Aztec emperor (c.1502–1520). He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Montezuma I (ruled 1440–69), who carried on conquests around TenochtitlánTenochtitlán
, ancient city in the central valley of Mexico. The capital of the Aztec, it was founded (c.A.D. 1345) on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco. It was a flourishing city (with an estimated population of between 200,000 and 300,000), connected with the mainland by
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. His reign was marked by incessant warfare, and his despotic rule caused grave unrest. When Hernán CortésCortés, Hernán,
or Hernando Cortez
, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico

Cortés went (1504) first to Hispaniola and later (1511) accompanied Diego de Velázquez to Cuba.
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 arrived in Mexico he was thus able to gain native allies, notably in the province of the Tlaxcala. Montezuma, believing the Spanish to be descendants of the god QuetzalcoatlQuetzalcoatl
[Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar.
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, tried to persuade them to leave by offering rich gifts. That failing, he received them in his splendid court at Tenochtitlán in Nov., 1519. Cortés later seized him as a hostage and attempted to govern through him. In June, 1520, the Aztec rose against the Spanish. Montezuma was killed, although whether by the Spanish or the Aztec is not certain. His successor died a few months later and was replaced by CuauhtémocCuauhtémoc
, d. 1525, Aztec emperor. Succeeding the brother of Montezuma II in 1520, Cuauhtémoc failed to unite the native city-states of the Valley of Mexico against the Spanish after the expulsion of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlán.
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. Montezuma's name is linked by a legend to fabulous treasures that the Spanish appropriated and presumably lost at sea.

Bibliography

See H. Thomas, Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés, and the Fall of Old Mexico (1994).

Montezuma

 

Two Aztec rulers.

Montezuma I Born 1390; died circa 1469. Ruler of the Aztecs. Upon achieving Aztec subjugation of the other tribes of central Mexico, Montezuma became the leader of the resulting alliance and established his capital in the city of Tenochtitlan, the present-day Mexico City.

Montezuma II Born 1466; died 1520. Ruler of the Aztecs from 1503. The alliance of Indian tribes headed by Montezuma was maintained by force of arms. With the arrival of the Spaniards in Tenochtitlán, Montezuma was taken captive; he issued an appeal to submit to the Spaniards, for which he was killed by rebelling Indians.

References in periodicals archive ?
como el de la Historia de la nacion chichimeca coinciden en que Cortes ingresa en la ciudad acompanado por sus capitanes y varios senores de pueblos vecinos; se encuentra luego con Motecuhzoma, quien sale a recibirlo acompanado por sus principales y en medio de un enorme despliegue de gestos rituales (lo llevan en andas, le colocan mantas en el suelo, evitan mirarlo a la cara); intercambian presentes de diversa naturaleza y Motecuhzoma hace ingresar a Cortes a la ciudad para instalarlo en el palacio de su padre y ofrecerle abundante comida.
Motecuhzoma (fortunately, the Anglicized "Montezuma" is used only in the title) was a successful general in the wars of expansion of the Aztec or Triple Alliance Empire [1486-1502] and was later elected emperor [1502-1520].
At the invitation of the Emperor Motecuhzoma, Hernan Cortes led his men across the great Tlalpan causeway into Tenochtitlan.
A pesar de ello en este libro hablo de la "Guera Rodriguez", de Isabel Motecuhzoma, de Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, de Diego Rivera y de Lazaro Cardenas.
Motecuhzoma (asi prefiero llamarlo) sabia exactamente lo que habia ocurrido en Santo Domingo y en Cuba y lo que podia ocurrir en Mexico.
7) Y esta profecia influyo en el animo del tlatoani Motecuhzoma, quien confundio a Hernan Cortes con el dios blanco y barbado.
Diverging completely from any of the previous canonical indianist or indigenous novels in Mexico's literary history, Pu demands to be seen as an angry representation of the long-term suffering and the simmering repressed hatred of the descendents of Nezahualcoyotl, Motecuhzoma, and Cuauhtemoc against the culture of their oppressors.
2) Su actual director, cuya sede esta en Venecia, y que en 2009 vino a Mexico para dirigir, sin pretender un centavo de remuneracion, el estreno de la opera Motecuhzoma II del titular de esta columna sobre musicas de Vivaldi.
The same is true of rulers when depicted as gods, for instance when Motecuhzoma xocoyotzin is shown with his name-glyph, depicted on the Teocalli de la Guerra Sagrada, or the warriors on the Stone of Tizoc, despite being associated with specific towns identified by place-glyphs.
El 17 de marzo de 1900, 14 graves inundaciones despues, la primera en 1446 bajo el reinado de Motecuhzoma I y la ultima el 24 de septiembre de 1851, el presidente Porfirio Diaz inauguraria solemnemente la Obra del Desague del Valle con una longitud total de 97 kilometros 527 metros, divididos en 3 tramos: gran canal, tunel y tajo de desemboque.
Se dice por ejemplo que Tezcatlipoca vencio a Quetzalcoatl en un partido de juego de pelota en Tollan, e incluso que Motecuhzoma II perdio en un enfrentamiento similar con el rey de Tezcoco Nezahualpilli, derrota que prefiguraba la del soberano mexica frente a los espanoles.
Asi ocurrio en el caso de la que alcanzo Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina sobre Cuextlan y Tuxpan, segun lo avalan los datos que aportan Matos y Umberger sobre la ampliacion y el estucado del Templo Mayor en las etapas constructivas IV-IVa.