Motor Fuel

Motor Fuel

 

liquid or gaseous fuel used in internal-combustion engines (piston, jet, and gas-turbine engines). Motor fuels are divided into the following groups: carburetor fuels, including aviation and automobile gasolines, tractor kerosine, and diesel fuel, and fuels for various other purposes, such as gas-turbine and rocket fuels.

Motor fuels are produced from oil and gaseous hydrocarbons. They are among the main products of petroleum processing, accounting for about 63 percent of the consumption of petroleum products. A motor fuel usually consists of mixtures of several components, including the base fuel and additives (antiknock agents, antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, and so on). The base fuels consist of products of straight-run distillation of petroleum (gasolines, ligroins, kerosine and gas oil, and heavier fractions), and also of secondary refining (catalytic cracking, re-forming, and so on). The components may include iso-octane, isopentane, alkylbenzenes, and gasoline.

Motor fuels that are similar in composition to petroleum fuels may be produced by processing solid fossil fuels, such as coal or shale. The production of motor fuels from solid fossil fuels reached a high level of development in Germany during World War II (1939–45): about 4 million tons was produced in 1943, mainly by hydrogenation of coal. After the war, the production of motor fuels by this process was discontinued because it could not compete economically with the production of motor fuels from petroleum. However, a great deal of attention is being devoted to this process of motor fuel production in several countries, among them the USA and Canada, and the construction of large manufacturing installations is being planned.

REFERENCES

Tovamye nefteprodukty, ikh svoistva i primenenie: Spravochnik. Edited by N. G. Puchkov. Moscow, 1971.
Zarubezhnye topliva, masla i prisadki. Edited by I. V. Rozhkov and B. V. Losikov. Moscow, 1971.
Bobrov, N. N., and P. I. Voropai. Primenenie topliv i smazochnykh materialov, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.

V. V. PANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the latest statistics released by Eurostat, the EU's Statistical Office, the share of unleaded petrol deliveries rose in 1998 from 75% in 1997 to 78% of total motor fuel deliveries in the EU, continuing the steady trend of greater use of lead-free petrol in the Member States.
In 1997, the emphasis will be on motor fuel excise taxes.
Fitch remains concerned with the state's ability to alter the distribution formula or identify more priority allocations, as distribution of the motor fuel tax revenues only occurs net of these prior allocations.
Unlike in previous years when rising fuel prices drove up motor fuel revenue by 13.
Taking its infringement proceedings against Finland over motor fuel taxation one step further, the European Commission decided on July 3 to send a reasoned opinion to Helsinki for violation of Community legislation on value added tax.
Chicago (IL) motor fuel tax revenue bonds series 2003A;
Contract notice: Estonian water companies association of persons involved in motor fuel 2016-2019.
27 August 2015 - The UK Competition and Markets Authority has decided not to refer the acquisition by UK-based Motor Fuel Ltd.
According to Directive 92/81/EEC, in principle, only mineral oils used for purposes other than heating or motor fuel may be exempted from excise duty.
Pledged revenues include federal reimbursements for eligible projects and motor fuel taxes (approximately two-thirds from gas tax revenues and one-third from special fuel tax revenues.
An open tender has been won by the Hungarian oil and gas group, invited by the Directorate-General for Public Procurement and Supply for motor fuel supply in the value of HUF 80 billion.
M2 EQUITYBITES-August 27, 2015-UK CMA Clears Motor Fuel Deal to Buy 90 Petrol Stations from Shell