Motorola 68020

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Motorola 68020

A microprocessor from Motorola. It was the successor to the Motorola 68010 and was followed by the Motorola 68030. The 68020 has 32-bit internal and external data and address buses and a 256-byte instruction buffer, arranged as 64 direct-mapped 4-byte entries The 68020 added many improvements to the 68010 including a 32-bit ALU and external data bus and address bus, and new instrucitons and addressing modes. The 68020 (and 68030) had a proper three-stage pipeline.

The new instructions included some minor improvements and extensions to the supervisor state, some support for high-level languages which didn't get used much (and was removed from future 680x0 processors bigger (32 x 32-bit) multiply and divide instructions, and bit field manipulations.

The new adderessing modes added another level of indirection to many of the pre-existing modes, and added quite a bit of flexibility to various indexing modes and operations.

The instruction buffer (an instruction cache) was 256 bytes, arranged as 64 direct-mapped 4-byte entries. Although small, it made a significant difference in the performance of many applications.

The 68881 and the faster 68882 FPU chips could be used with the 68020.

The 68020 was used in many models of the Apple Macintosh II series of personal computers and Sun 3 workstations.
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The new operating system runs on four major machine architectures: Intel 386/486/Pentium, MIPS, SPARC, and Motorola 68020.
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Apple apparently designed a technologically better microcomputer-the new Macintosh 11 with the Motorola 68020 microprocessor-than the old IBMs or the PS/2.