Mount Everest


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Everest, Mount,

peak, 29,029 ft (8,848 m) high (as officially recognized by China and Nepal; rock height only, 29,016 ft/8,844 m), on the border of Tibet and Nepal, in the central Himalayas. It is the highest elevation in the world. In 1999 American climbers using GPS measured the Everest's total height at 29,035 ft (8,850 m), but that measurement has not been accepted by Nepal or China. Called Chomolungma or Qomolangma [Mother Goddess of the Land] by Tibetans and Sagarmatha [head of the sea] by Nepalis, it is named in English for the surveyor Sir George EverestEverest, Sir George
, 1790–1866, British surveyor, b. Breconshire, Wales. He worked on the trigonometrical survey of India from 1806 to 1843. He became superintendent of the survey in 1823 and surveyor general of India in 1830; Mt. Everest is named for him. He was knighted in 1861.
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. It was first climbed on May 28, 1953, when Sir Edmund HillaryHillary, Sir Edmund Percival,
1919–2008, New Zealand mountain climber and explorer. He went on many mountain-climbing expeditions before 1953, when he and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal were the first people to reach the summit of Mt. Everest.
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 and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reached the summit. The body of George H. L. MalloryMallory, George Herbert Leigh
, 1886–1924, English mountain climber. After some spectacular ascents in the Alps, he participated in the Everest expeditions of 1921, 1922, and 1924.
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, who died in an earlier attempt (1924), was found on the mountain in 1999.

Bibliography

See S. B. Ortner, Life and Death on Mt. Everest (1999); W. Davis, Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
I was frustrated on my last attempt at Mount Everest," McConnell said, referring to his 1989 attempt, when he reached 27,000 feet, "but I'll use that for incentive in this climb.
Due to extremely low temperatures, the main course of Mount Everest is littered with rubbish left behind by previous expeditions, human waste and the corpses of mountaineers who died during their expeditions.
The fellow, for example, could spend two months working with the Himalayan Rescue Association at the Mount Everest base camp, which is regularly staffed by Stanford faculty.
The Record understands there is no evidence that former Army education corps officer Joyce has either killed anyone or climbed Mount Everest.
Mr Grylls said: "The show is essentially a fun journey through some of my toughest expeditions from Mount Everest, the Arctic, to the French Foreign Legion, 21 SAS and more.
AN EXPEDITION to Mount Everest has revealed that increasing nitric oxide levels in critically ill patients with low oxygen supply could help speed their recovery.
Summary: RIYADH: Farouk Saad Hamad Al-Zuman, the first Saudi who conquered Mount Everest in 2008, has congratulated Palestinian climber Suzanne Al-Houby for becoming the first Arab woman to scale the world's highest mountain and for sending a message of peace to Israelis and Palestinians from the "Rooftop of the World.
At the height of 6,692 meters, Aconcagua stood as highest peak in the American continent and second highest peak in the world, after the famous Mount Everest.
Summary: BEIRUT: A 31-year-old man has become the youngest Lebanese to reach the summit of Mount Everest, reaching the highest point in the world on Saturday.
Summary: Kathmandu, May 27, SPA -- The youngest person to climb Mount Everest said Thursday that he was planning to take on another peak of more than 8,000 metres later this year.
Summary: A 13-year-old American boy has become the youngest climber to reach the top of Mount Everest.
Summary: Maxime Chaya, first Lebanese to climb Mount Everest, will share stories from his daring adventures.