Kilimanjaro

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Kilimanjaro

(kĭl'ĭmənjä`rō), highest mountain of Africa, NE Tanzania. An extinct volcano, it rises in two peaks, Uhuru (Kibo; 19,340 ft/5,895 m, Africa's highest point) and Mawenzi (17,564 ft/5,354 m), which are joined by a broad saddle (alt. c.15,000 ft/4,600 m). The mountaintop is noted for its snowcap, but the area covered by snow has decreased sharply since the early 1990s. Coffee and plantains are the chief crops raised on Kilimanjaro's intensively cultivated lower southern slopes. Tourism from mountain climbing has become an important source of revenue.

Kilimanjaro

 

(in Swahili, “mountain of the god of cold”; according to another version, “sparkling mountain”), a volcanic massif in East Africa, in Tanzania, reaching an elevation of 5,895 m, the highest point on the continent. It was formed from the merger of three now extinct volcanoes: Kibo (5,895 m), Mawensi (5,355 m), and Shira (4,006 m). Kibo’s crater, up to 2.5 km wide and up to 180 m deep, has an inner cone with a relative height of about 580 m and a crater more than 800 m wide. Kilimanjaro is composed mainly of trachybasalts and phonolites. On the humid southern and southwestern slopes, at an elevation of about 3,100 m, annual precipitation ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 mm. From the foothills to 1,000 m, the slopes are covered with savannas, and coffee and banana plantations, growing on the site of cut forests, are found to 1,800 m. Tropical rain forests with epiphytes and ferns extend to 3,100 m, tropical alpine vegetation (paramos) is found to 4,200 m, and xerophytic pulvinate grasses grow to 4,800 m. Above 4,800 m are lava fields, and on the crests, glacial relief forms predominate, with glaciers descending as far as 4,300 m on the western slopes.

Kilimanjaro

a volcanic massif in N Tanzania: the highest peak in Africa; extends from east to west for 80 km (50 miles). Height: 5895 m (19 340 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2000, a group of natural scientists from the United States, Russia, and Switzerland conducted detailed investigations on the ice fields of Mount Kilimanjaro in order to study its past and present conditions (Thompson et al.
The peak of Mount Kilimanjaro stands at well over 19,000ft.
Mandy will climb Mount Kilimanjaro with husband Andy to raise funds for Pancreatic Cancer UK and The Freeman Hospital in Newcastle where she was treated.
I wanted to send a message to all Emiratis that we can all do it, and also to dedicate the raising of the flag on Mount Kilimanjaro to the rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai," said Dawood, 46, who noted that they became the first people from the Middle East to climb it in a day.
At 19,341 feet, the snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is considered the highest peak in Africa.
This year's climb raised US$500,000 as 46 climbers attempted to ascend Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's tallest peak and the world's largest freestanding mountain.
The celebrities who trekked up Mount Kilimanjaro for charity say they are glad to be home.
Seven-year-old Keats Boyd pointed through freezing rain toward the top of Mount Kilimanjaro this week with two words: "Up, up
Dubbed the "Cabernet of coffee" by The New York Times, the Sweet Unity Farms blend mixes Arabica and Peaberry beans from the southern highlands of Tanzania and the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.
CORRECTION (Ran June 15, 2007): A June 13 editorial about studies linking shrinking glaciers on Mount Kilimanjaro in eastern Tanzania to drought rather than global warming contained a misstatement.
Earthly images include pictures of the northern lights, a rare lenticular cloud over Hawaii, and sunrise over Mount Kilimanjaro.
In this first installment, the Ibandi live in the plains near Mount Kilimanjaro.