Kilimanjaro

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Kilimanjaro

(kĭl'ĭmənjä`rō), highest mountain of Africa, NE Tanzania. An extinct volcano, it rises in two peaks, Uhuru (Kibo; 19,340 ft/5,895 m, Africa's highest point) and Mawenzi (17,564 ft/5,354 m), which are joined by a broad saddle (alt. c.15,000 ft/4,600 m). The mountaintop is noted for its snowcap, but the area covered by snow has decreased sharply since the early 1990s. Coffee and plantains are the chief crops raised on Kilimanjaro's intensively cultivated lower southern slopes. Tourism from mountain climbing has become an important source of revenue.

Kilimanjaro

 

(in Swahili, “mountain of the god of cold”; according to another version, “sparkling mountain”), a volcanic massif in East Africa, in Tanzania, reaching an elevation of 5,895 m, the highest point on the continent. It was formed from the merger of three now extinct volcanoes: Kibo (5,895 m), Mawensi (5,355 m), and Shira (4,006 m). Kibo’s crater, up to 2.5 km wide and up to 180 m deep, has an inner cone with a relative height of about 580 m and a crater more than 800 m wide. Kilimanjaro is composed mainly of trachybasalts and phonolites. On the humid southern and southwestern slopes, at an elevation of about 3,100 m, annual precipitation ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 mm. From the foothills to 1,000 m, the slopes are covered with savannas, and coffee and banana plantations, growing on the site of cut forests, are found to 1,800 m. Tropical rain forests with epiphytes and ferns extend to 3,100 m, tropical alpine vegetation (paramos) is found to 4,200 m, and xerophytic pulvinate grasses grow to 4,800 m. Above 4,800 m are lava fields, and on the crests, glacial relief forms predominate, with glaciers descending as far as 4,300 m on the western slopes.

Kilimanjaro

a volcanic massif in N Tanzania: the highest peak in Africa; extends from east to west for 80 km (50 miles). Height: 5895 m (19 340 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mount Kilimanjaro is located 300 kilometers south of the equator in Tanzania on the border with Kenya, and its glaciated peak--the highest point in Africa--reaches a height of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet).
The Kilimanjaro Stage Run is an annual event sponsored by Summit Expeditions and Nomadic Experience, which offers unique running adventures and guided expeditions on Mount Kilimanjaro.
When I was approached to Climb Machu Picchu for another charity I said quite casually, if I was to climb any mountain it would have to be Mount Kilimanjaro and for a hospice and didn't think anything else of it until I heard on the radio Marie Curie were looking for volunteers to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.
Rebecca said: "Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro was an experience of a lifetime.
Standing at 5,895 metres (19,341 ft), Mount Kilimanjaro made great demands on both their physical prowess and mental strength.
Irish tourist killed by lightning strike on Mount Kilimanjaro Famous Irish mountain climber, Ian McKeever, was killed by a lightning strike some 4,000 meters up on Mount Kilimanjaro during a New Year climbing expedition.
London, Nov 14 ( ANI ): The peaks of Mount Kilimanjaro, the world's highest free-standing mountain, could be gone by 2060, scientists have claimed.
The managing director of a Staffordshire marketing company has scaled the highest mountain in North Africa - as a warm up for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro in aid of The Donna Louise Children's Hospice Trust.
The extra mile in this case is six whole kilometres straight into the sky as our team attempt to climb Mount Kilimanjaro to raise desperately-needed funds for Our Lady's Children's Hospital in Crumlin.
MACHINES used at a Liverpool university to help celebrities climb Mount Kilimanjaro will be on show this weekend.
There, he will endeavor to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro for a cause that is near and dear to his heart--the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network.
Four Omani adventurers including Air Vice-Marshal Mohammed bin Mahfoudh Al Ardhi, RAFO Commander (retired), made history recently by climbing AfricaEoe1/4aos highest peak Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.