Iwo Jima

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Iwo Jima

(ē`wō jē`mə, ē`wô), officially

Iwo To

(tō), volcanic island, c.8 sq mi (21 sq km), W Pacific, largest and most important of the Volcano IslandsVolcano Islands,
Jap. Kazan-retto, island group, c.11 sq mi (30 sq km), W Pacific. The group consists of three islands, of which Iwo Jima (Iwo To) is the most important. The highest peak (3,181 ft/970 m) is on Minami-iwo-jima.
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. Mt. Suribachi, 546 ft (166 m) high, on the south side of the island, is an extinct volcano. The main industries were formerly sulfur mining and sugar refining, but since World War II the island has been a military base. During the war Iwo Jima was the site of a Japanese air base, and it was taken (Feb.–Mar., 1945) by the United States at great cost to U.S. and Japanese forces. A photograph of U.S. marines raising the flag over Mt. Suribachi, which they called Meatgrinder Hill, is one of the most famous images of the war. Iwo Jima was occupied by the U.S. until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Historically known to its residents as Iwo To, the island was called Iwo Jima by the Japanese navy officers who fortified it during World War II; both names mean Sulphur Island. The island was officially renamed Iwo To in 2007.

Iwo Jima

 

an island in the East China Sea, one of the northernmost Ryukyu Islands. Iwo Jima is a possession of Japan. The active Iwo Jima volcano, which is more than 701 m high, is located on the island. There are sulfur deposits.

Iwo Jima

inspiring American triumph in the Pacific (1945). [Am. Hist.: Leonard, 472–480]
See: Battle

Iwo Jima

an island in the W Pacific, about 1100 km (700 miles) south of Japan: one of the Volcano Islands; scene of prolonged fighting between US and Japanese forces until taken by the US in 1945; returned to Japan in 1968. Area: 20 sq. km (8 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
23, "Chuck" and three other men scaled Mount Suribachi, the island's tallest feature, in what many considered a suicide mission.
Schrier, successfully scaled HOTROCKS, the code name for Mount Suribachi.
8 March 1945: We left the beach bright and early this morning and hiked to our temporary bivouac area at the foot of Mount Suribachi.
Most people had forgotten about Mount Suribachi and the tunnels of Vietnam.
Marines raising the American flag atop Mount Suribachi, in what would become one of the most enduring images of World War II.
It recreates a famous photograph of five marines and a sailor raising the American flag over Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima.
Joe Rosenthal, in late February, took a photograph of five marines and a navy corpsman as they raised the American flag on the top of Mount Suribachi.
On the northern perimeter of the Arlington National Cemetery, clearly visible from the adjacent highway, stands a huge bronze monument embodying perhaps the world's most famous war photograph: the flag-raising on Mount Suribachi during the seizure of Iwo Jima in February 1945.
But it was on the fourth day of the assault that the famous flag-raising photo was taken of the five Marines and one Navy Corpsman on top of Mount Suribachi.
I SAW a photograph showing American soldiers of the 28th Regiment of the Fifth Division raising their flag on a pile of rubble on top of Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, which provoked worrying images of what might occur in Belgrade.
The date marks the 63rd anniversary of the 1945 raising of the flag on Mount Suribachi, made famous by AP photographer Joe Rosenthal's historic photograph.
Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised the American flag.