Mountain Soils

Mountain Soils

 

soils that are found in the mountains and that belong to almost all the soil types known on earth. The distribution of mountain soils is subject mainly to a vertical (elevation) zonation; the soils change with ascent into the mountains depending on changes in climatic conditions. Like soils in level areas, mountain soils are subdivided into tundra, podzol, brown-forest, gray-forest, chernozem, chestnut, brown semidesert, sierozem, brown, red-earth, yellow-red ferralitic of humid tropical forests, solonchak, marshy, and many other soils. Most mountain soils form on very steep slopes where, as a result of denudation processes, their shallowness, gravel-like quality, and wealth of primary minerals may be observed. The large amount of primary minerals makes intrasoil weathering very important in the formation of mountain soils, especially in warm, humid climates where weathering is quite intensive. Mountain soils are characterized by an extensively developed slope (lateral) flow of soil moisture owing to the considerable steepness of the slopes and the high water permeability of the gravel-like rock masses. These features of mountains soils, together with the uniqueness of the relief conditions under which they are formed, make it necessary to distinguish them from soils in level areas and to identify them on soil maps as mountain tundra soil, mountain red-earth soil, mountain chernozem, and so on.

V. M. FRIDLAND

References in classic literature ?
On mountain soil I first drew life: The mists of the Taglay have shed Nightly their dews upon my head, And, I believe, the winged strife And tumult of the headlong air Have nestled in my very hair.
Topics include: greenhouse gas emissions from soils, land use change effects on soil carbon stocks in temperate regions, mountain soils in a changing climate, greenhouse gas balance in disturbed peat lands, and a summary of soil carbon in sensitive European ecosystems: from science to land management.
Professor Des Thompson, principal uplands adviser to Scottish Natural Heritage, said the mountain soils were crucial.
Near Asheville, NC Native Plant Nursery : Chimney Rock Park's retail Nursery offers plants from along our trails, including native trees, shrubs, vines & wildflowers that are better adapted to mountain soils & climate.
But change they must, even if it means selling off parts of these vast tracts of empty hills to people who will clear the lakes and streams of bog, plant trees to enrich and hold the mountain soils and get working people to return to rural areas.
6 Mountain soils in a changing climate - vulnerability of carbon stocks and ecosystem feedbacks