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any one mammal of the family Rhinopomatidae of the order Chiroptera. The body length ranges from 6 to 8 cm. The tail, which is up to 6 cm long is enclosed only at its base in the caudal membrane. There is one genus with four species, distributed in North and Central Africa, Southwest and southern Asia, and on some islands of the Malay Archipelago. Mouse-tailed bats often inhabit caves, churches, and large residential structures. They feed on insects and reproduce once a year. The type species is Rhinopoma microphyllum.