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(World-Wide Web, open source)
The open source web browser, designed for standards-compliance, performance, and portability, whose development is coordinated by the Mozilla Foundation.

The Mozilla project started in March 1998 when Netscape Communications Corporation released the source code of Netscape Communicator. The now abandoned version based on that code is referred to as "Mozilla Classic". Since then, much has been rewritten, including the layout engine, the networking library, and the front-end.

Mozilla 1.0 was finally released on 2002-06-05. Much of the code was used to build Firefox.

Although a lot of Mozilla code is under the original Netscape Public License, some parts of the code are under the Mozilla Public License or dual MPL/GPL.

"Mozilla" was the original project code name for Netscape Navigator and, according to some of the documentation, the correct pronunciation of "Netscape".


An open source Web browser and toolkit from the Mozilla Foundation ( Mozilla serves as a reference platform for standards compliance and quality control. Mozilla-based products for Windows, Mac and Linux are the Mozilla and SeaMonkey suites (browser, email, newsgroups and HTML editor), Firefox browser and Thunderbird email client. The Camino browser is Mac only.

Over the years, Mozilla received contributions from around the world, and both Netscape and third parties have used the code for their own purposes. Version 1.0 of the Mozilla browser was released in 2002. Gecko is the name of the rendering engine that began its development at Netscape in 1997, but was released as open source. Gecko was formerly called Raptor and NGLayout (Next Gen Layout). See browser rendering engine.

What's a Mozilla?
Mozilla was originally the code name for the Netscape Navigator Web browser and Netscape's first alligator-like mascot. Mozilla stood for "Mosaic Killer," because Netscape wanted to reign supreme, which it did for a while (see Mosaic).

In 1998, the source code of the entire Netscape Communicator package was made available to developers, and was created to act as a clearing house for contributions. In 2003, with the help of the Netscape division of AOL, it was turned into the Mozilla Foundation to provide support for open source projects. See Firefox, Netscape and Netscape Communicator.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eich created the JavaScript programming language while working for Netscape, and then cofounded the Mozilla project, which developed the Firefox browser.
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After tracing its origins to the Mozilla project, Yeow explains Firefox's advantages over other browsers and how to use its lesser-known features to customize the Web browsing experience.
With the start of the Mozilla project, the path towards a new browser began.
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Let me assure you that whatever problems the Mozilla project is having are not because open source doesn't work," he wrote.
All eyes, however, are still on Netscape Communicator 5, slated to be the first commercial release based on technology developed by the open source Mozilla project.
This contest provided a unique way for our community to become a part of the Mozilla project.
Where Netscape sprinkled its Mozilla project with what one participant later called the "magic pixie dust" of open source development methods, Real hopes to cash in on the astounding success of the people's audio compression format, MP3.
He describes how, just as he had become disillusioned with Netscape itself, the Mozilla project had inspired him.