Mphahlele, Es'kia

Mphahlele, Es'kia

(Ezekiel Es'kia Mphahlele) (ĕskē`ə əmfəlā`lā), 1919–2008, South African writer, grad. Univ. of South Africa (M.A., 1956). He began his career as a writer for Drum magazine after World War II and he published his first stories, Man Must Live, in 1947. He emigrated from South Africa in 1957, when the government banned him because of his stand against apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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. He received a Ph.D. from the Univ. of Denver (1968) and left a full professorship at the Univ. of Pennsylvania to return to South Africa in 1977. In 1978 he became the first black professor at Witwatersrand Univ. and founded the African literature dept. there. His Down Second Avenue (1959) is a moving, vivid account of growing up in South Africa; it has become a classic of modern African literature. His novel The Wanderers (1969) was banned for many years in South Africa. Another novel, Chirundu (1980), takes place in an imaginary African country. He also published two volumes of essays.

Bibliography

See his later autobiography Afrika My Music (1984) and selected letters (1984); studies by U. A. Barnett (1976), T. Akosu (1995), and R. Obee (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mphahlele, Es'kia 2002 African Humanism and the Corporate World.
amp; Mphahlele, Es'kia (eds) Perspectives on South African English Literature.
In Chapman, Michael, Gardner, Colin and Mphahlele, Es'kia (eds.
Mphahlele, Es'kia 1984 Afrika My Music: An Autobiography 1957-1983.
Chapman, Michael, Gardner, Colin & Mphahlele, Es'kia (eds) 1992 Perspectives on South African English Literature.