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province (2011 pop. 4,039,939), 29,535 sq mi (76,495 sq km), E South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Mpumalanga was created from the eastern portion of the former province of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. Until 1995 it was called Eastern Transvaal. The province is bounded on the north by Limpopo, on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, on the southeast by KwaZulu-Natal, on the southwest by Free State, and on the west by Gauteng.

Mbombela (formerly called Nelspruit) is the capital and most populous municipality. Situated mainly on the high plateau grasslands of the highveld, the land rises in the northeast to mountain peaks and the high escarpment of the Drakensberg Range, then plunges in places to low-lying areas of the lowveld.

There is a large petrochemical industry in the highveld region, as well as manufacturing. Gold, platinum, and coal are important mineral resources. Corn, wheat, and other grains are grown in the cooler highveld areas, while sugar, citrus and a variety of subtropical fruits are common crops in the subtropical lowveld. There is also sheep farming and forestry. Tourism is important, with Kruger National ParkKruger National Park,
game reserve, c.8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km), Limpopo and Mpumalanga, NE South Africa. One of the world's largest wildlife sanctuaries, it has almost every species of game found in southern Africa.
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 a popular destination. The principal languages are Swati (Swazi) and Zulu.


a province of E South Africa; formed in 1994 from part of the former province of Transvaal: agriculture and service industries. Capital: Nelspruit. Pop.: 3 244 306 (2004 est.). Area: 78 370 sq. km (30 259 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In partnership with the Department of Trade and Industry, we have funded this project in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal for the last three years.
This section reports on the external cause and scenes of injury for Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces for the period 2009-2011.
Thandi Mtsweni, deputy mayor, Secunda, Mpumalanga, 2007 (shot dead by two gunmen when she arrived home with her husband and 14-year-old son)
The 6lb 6oz girl, who has not yet been named, was in a stable condition in hospital near Secunda, in Mpumalanga province.
The two pilot plants, each of one hectare, will be located on greenfield sites adjacent to the coal-fired power stations at Lethabo, in the Free State province, and Kendal in the Mpumalanga province, by power and automation technology group ABB.
MUSCAT: Dr Salem bin Nasser Al Ismaily, chairman of the Public Authority for Investment Promotion & Export Development (Paiped), has played host to a South African delegation which aims at strengthening business ties and promote trade between Oman and South Africa's Mpumalanga province.
Bunengi Group, a leading international public-private investment partnerships firm, which specializes in advising governments and private sector operators on investment and management programmes across Africa in the Social Infrastructure, Agriculture and Infrastructure sectors, today announced it has partnered with the Mpumalanga Department of Education to deliver emergency tutoring sessions to the province's matric learners, who are in urgent need of supplementary and revision classes in order to be ready for this year's matric exams.
Among the topics are forest and salmon markets in Chile, shrimp export from the Sundarbans of West Bengal, agricultural exports from Madagascar, sugarcane production in the Incomati River Basic in South Africa's Mpumalanga, and the expansion of shrimp farming in Vietnam.
Bisichi has owned and operated Black Wattle in Middelburg, Mpumalanga since 1994 and first commenced open cast mining at Black Wattle in April 2008.
The former Open and double US Open champion is the star attraction in the Alfred Dunhill Championship on home soil at Leopard Creek in Mpumalanga.
The Alfred Dunhill Championship continues with the second round at Leopard Creek Golf Club in Mpumalanga, South Africa.
The Armitage golfer fired six birdies in eight holes as he carded a six-under par opening round at the Leopard Creek GC near Mpumalanga.