Gaskell, Elizabeth

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Gaskell, Elizabeth

 

Born Sept. 29, 1810, in London; died Nov. 12, 1865, in Holybourne, Hampshire. English author.

Gaskell’s first major work was the social novel Mary Barton: A Tale of Manchester Life (1848; Russian translation, 1860), which showed how hunger and poverty can lead the working people to thoughts of insurrection. Gaskell was the first English novelist to work with the theme of the Chartist struggle. The novel Cranford (1853) depicts the life of the small-town provincial. In the novel Ruth (1853), the story of a female worker who refuses to marry the “gentleman” who had seduced her is treated with respect, but religious and sentimental tendencies are intensified in North and South (1855). However, in both Sylvia’s Lovers (1863) and Wives and Daughters (1866; unfinished), one can find realistic passages. Gaskell also wrote a biography of Charlotte Brontë (vols. 1-2, 1857). Karl Marx placed Gaskell, along with Dickens and Charlotte Brontë, among the “brilliant pleiad of English novelists…” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 10, p. 648).

WORKS

Works, vols. 1-8. Edited by A. W. Ward. [London] 1907.
Letters. [Manchester, 1966.]
In Russian translation:
Sever i Iug. Moscow, 1857.
Ruf. In Vremia, 1863, no. 4. (Unfinished.)
Gorodok Krenford. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Zheny i docheri. In Otechestvennye zapiski, 1867, vols. 171-75.
Meri Barton. [Introduction by A. Elistratova] Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Shiller, F. P. “Elizaveta Gaskel’.” Iz istorii realizma XIX v. na Zapade. Moscow, 1934.
Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1955.
Grossman, L. “Dostoevskii i chartistskii roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1959, no. 4.
Hopkins, A. B. Elizabeth Gaskell: Her Life and Work. London [1952].
Pollard, A. Mrs. Gaskell: Novelist and Biographer. Cambridge, Mass., 1966.

I. M. KATARSKII

References in classic literature ?
She started out with the determination to render the facts of life with minute and conscientious accuracy, an accuracy more complete than that of Mrs.
Gaskell's imagined reality, feasting on delicacies, the Famine in Ireland, unnoticed by Mrs.
The play, which was presented on Saturday, is a dramatisation of the famous novel by Mrs.
She was not the most influential novelist and cannot be compared with Dickens or Mrs.
Druzhinin noted in his article "Last Season's English Novels": "With her novel Mary Barton Mrs.
Under a complicated and immaterial set of facts, Mrs.