Muawiyah I

(redirected from Mu'awiya)

Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan and Zaid bin Thabit were among the scribes who had this duty.
In seffin war amir al-mu'minin,saw that the his fellowship to mu'awiya and the fellowship of mu'awiya and perhaps to higher gives abusive.
657) would not have occurred either, and Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan and Banu Umayyad would not have turned the caliphate into a sultanate so easily.
Umm Habiba, Allah be pleased with her, said, "O Allah, grant a long life to my husband, the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and grant him peace, to my father, Abu Sufyan, and to my brother, Mu'awiya.
In Tyr, cleric Issam Kassab, preferred to speak about "pure religious meanings of Hussein's martyrdom" while another cleric Ali Khashshab, froze in time bringing to life the deadly struggle for power between Mu'awiya and his son Yazeed and ultimately Hussein saying the latter represented genuine legitimacy of a divinely-sanctioned paradigm of Islam.
The mosque remained unchanged until 672 AD, when Musallama al-Ansari, Egypt's ruler on behalf of Caliph Mu'awiya Ibn abi-Sufian, undertook expansion and renovation works for the mosque.
In 755, an exiled 'Umayyad, 'Abd al-Rahmam ibn Mu'awiya, later known as al-Dakhil (the Incomer), reached al-Andalus, soon starting the al-Andalusian 'Umayyad Dynasty (756-1031) at Cordoba, the capital.
All Kharijites, however, recognized the caliphate of cUthman as fully legitimate during the first six years of his reign and the caliphate of 'Ali until the time of his agreement with Mu'awiya on arbitration.
Director-General of Ambulance and Emergency department in the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza, Mu'awiya Hassanein, hailed the donation and efforts of the Jordanian field hospitals which work around the clock to alleviate the suffering of the Palestinians in the Israeli-blockaded enclave.
The most memorable Sunni-Shi'ite battle took place at Karbala', where Ali's son Imam Hussein was killed by the Sunni forces of the Umayyad Caliph Yazid ibn Mu'awiya.
But even then, 'Ali's accession was opposed by many Quraishis, including Mu'awiya (who later founded the Umayyad Empire).
Mu'awiya Hasaneen, and the Ministry of Health spokesperson, Hammam Nasman, access to the rising number of wounded and dead is being impeded by the ongoing Israeli gunfire.