Muawiyah I

(redirected from Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan)

Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The attack on Qawsara (Cossyra) by the Muslim navy under the governor Mu'awiyah ibn Hudayj during the rule of Caliph Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan.
According to al-Baladhuri, the first naval expedition to Cyprus was led by Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan (al-Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Yahya, 1983).
He instructed his governor in Syria, Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan to prepare for such an attack.