Muawiya


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Muawiya

(mo͞oä`wēä), d. 680, 1st UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 caliph (661–80), one of the greatest Muslim statesmen; son of Abu Sufyan, a Koreish tribesman of Mecca. He submitted to Islam the year of the surrender of Mecca and became Muhammad's secretary. Under Umar he became the very able governor of Syria. He struggled with AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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 over the government of the empire and led in the deposition of HasanHasan
, c.625–c.669; son of Ali and Fatima (daughter of Muhammad the Prophet). When Ali was killed in 661, Hasan became caliph, but he was not strong enough to withstand the threat of arms of the Umayyads and under pressure abdicated in favor of Muawiya.
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. As caliph he made Islam an autocracy, retaining the old forms of self-government. He secured his domain against aggression by continual raids beyond its borders. His policies ended the ancient hostility that long had separated the North and South Arabian tribes, thus making the Muslim empire the remarkably unified force that it was. Muawiya's administration was always tolerant, and he displayed an enlightened point of view in all his dealings. His name is also spelled Moawiyah.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Sudanese foreign ministry spokesperson Muawiya Osman Khalid said Sudan is keen on carrying out its duties toward its citizens and fulfill its commitment with regard to reaching the needy people and to provide them with food and humanitarian services at any place.
Muawiya Hassanein, the head of Gaza emergency services, said that several other people were wounded in the raid east of Khan Younis.
Today the spokesperson of Sudanese foreign affairs ministry Muawiya Osman Khalid said that the announcement by Museveni "exposed the extent of ill intention to which the Ugandan regime has descended by announcing what is not in its authority at all".
Muawiya Hassanein, said that the number of injured has risen since the start of the military operation on the 27th of last month to 5,300 people.
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) "death squad" chief Masoom Billah and his accomplice Muhammad Muawiya had admitted to plotting against the high court judge.
Health Ministry Emergency and Ambulance Service Director Muawiya Hasaneen.
But on Monday the Sudanese foreign ministry spokesperson Muawiya Osman Khalid said that his government verified that Zuma was misrepresented by the news media to serve an agenda adding that his stance is consistent with the position of the African Union (AU).
Muawiya Hassanein reports that Israeli forces killed 27 Palestinians during the first half of Tuesday.
And that answers the question," But Sudanese foreign ministry spokesperson Muawiya Osman Khalid said that Zuma's stance was consistent with the African one which calls for a moratorium on ICC proceedings, as it would leads to a continued deterioration of the situation.
Muawiya Hassanenin, Director of Ambulance and Emergency in the Ministry of Health said that more than 50 bodies were found under the rubble during a few hours of calm that allowed medical crews and rescue teams to search for the injured and dead.
The foreign affairs ministry spokesperson, Muawiya Osman Khalid, said in a statement to Sudan official news agency (SUNA) that the government conveys the same message to all world countries, on the grounds that the existence of JEM leader on their territories "will not to contribute to termination of the war in Darfur".
Department, Muawiya Husseinan, told KUNA that the medical teams found the body