Muawiyah I

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Muawiyah I

 

Date of birth unknown; died 680. Founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. Muawiyah came from the aristocracy of the Quraysh tribe. In 639 he became vice-gerent of Syria. In 657 he took arms against Caliph Ali; after Ali was slain by the Kharijites in 661, Muawiyah was proclaimed caliph. Muawiyah established the dynastic principle of absolute rule by the caliph. During his rule, Damascus became the capital of the Umayyad caliphate.

REFERENCE

Beliaev, E. A. Araby, islam i arabskii khalifat v rannee srednevekov’e. Moscow, 1965. (See index of names.)
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been confirmed that Muawiyah Bin Abu Sufyan used to cover the Kaaba with silk brocade on the occasion of Ashura and with Coptic cloth at the end of Ramadan.
Ali was right, but Muawiyah was stronger so people took Muawiyah's side.
As a result, Caliph ordered to killing him and cuted his hands and feet and burned them in 141 BC, because he was heterodox when Sufyan Ibn Muawiyah Ibn Yazid was ruler of Basra instead of Solomon (Borokleman, Bita: 92).
He was sentenced to death by the Umayyad Caliph Muawiyah in the year of 660 for his unwavering support and praise for Imam Ali (PBUH).
Punjabi Taliban leader Asmatullah Muawiyah, in a video message, announced to renounce violence in Pakistan, adding the focus on fighting will now be on Afghanistan.
Its outcome was at best mixed: The line of descent was preserved (Hassan was the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed), but Hassan gave up rule over the Muslim community to Muawiyah and was years later almost certainly poisoned on Muawiyah's orders.
Prof Muawiyah Hussein of Dhofar University presented a paper highlighting importance of local currency, investment and the present value of money and inflation.
Muawiyah Hussein, economic and finance professor at Dhofar University for over 11 years; delivered a paper highlighting local currency, investment and the present value of money and inflation.
Her closeness to the Prophet of Islam (pbuh), however, made her a person worthy of respect and she became the wife of Ubada bin al-Samit, one of the most high ranking officers of Muawiyah, the Muslim Caliph.
Reviewing historic books, the present name of the gate honors one of Muawiyah Bin Abu Sufian's leaders named Kisan who has done well escaping the siege behind Saturn Gate which named later after his name.
Sudanese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Muawiyah Othman Khaled informed Kuwait