Gaius Mucius Scaevola

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Scaevola, Gaius Mucius


in ancient Rome, a legendary hero of the Roman struggle against the Etruscans in the late sixth and early fifth centuries B.C.

According to legend, the youth Gaius Mucius was assigned to infiltrate the Etruscan camp and kill the king Porsena. He was seized, however. Threatening him with torture, Porsena demanded that he betray his coconspirators. To prove his indifference to pain and death, Gaius Mucius put his right hand into the fire and stood silently as his hand burned. The legend may have arisen to explain the cognomen Scaevola (literally, “the lefthanded”), which became linked with one branch of the Mucius family.

References in periodicals archive ?
This may be part of the reason why his book follows something like a "great men" theory and tells the story through the contributions of Quintus Mucius, Servius, Cicero, Labeo, Gaius, Pomponius, and Ulpian, with others, such as Aulus Ofilius, in support.
Paradoxically, as Sachs points out, the emphasis of the conservative Burke on national particularity implicitly undermines the exemplary use of classical Rome; the radical Godwin, on the other hand, celebrates such illustrious heroes as Mucius and Fabricius in a far more traditional, exemplary fashion (74).
1-3) puts into Otho's mouth, he says that he would rather be a Mucius, a Decius, a Curtius, or a Regulus rather than a Marius, Cinna or Sulla, and asked to be allowed the privilege of following the example of the former group, since the example of the latter was hateful to him; cf.
He even rejects play as an antidote for work, suggesting that classical exemplars--such as Quintus Mucius Scaevola and Augustus--who played dice and board games to relax should not be emulated.
With a simpler carbohydrate structure than that of other animal mucius, qniumucin could serve as a foundation for more-complex synthetic mucins tailored to specific applications, Ushida says.
Published inventories of the sixteenth century describe relatively few Roman historical scenes, and those that are mentioned--such as the story of Mucius Scaevola--were simple narratives concerned with heroic exempla.
Scaevola comes from the Latin word for ``left hand,'' the plant being named for Mucius Scaevola, a Roman warrior who proved how tough he was by burning off - you probably can guess - his left hand.
As in today's military, men learned a skill, advanced in rank, or even achieved high office such as Publius Mucius, son of Quintus, who became the chief magistrate of the city of Phillipi.
32) Mucius Scaevola, having failed to kill King Porsinna, placed his arm in the fire (Livy, 1:255-63); Mettius Curtius either fell from a horse into a marsh while fighting Romulus, or, obeying an oracle, he threw himself into a chasm by the forum (ibid.
The left-hand triad consists of Brutus the Elder, Mucius Scaevola and Camillus, the right-hand one of Decius Mus, Scipio Africanus and Cicero.
Published in The Political Herald and Review between August 1785 and December 1786, Godwin's Letters of Mucius assume the interdependence of inherited political institutions and speaking for the public good, but also evidence a conflict, between the learned and persuasive functions, which threatens to drive institution and oratory apart.
76) Portraits of Roman military heroes like Brutus, Mucius Scaevola, Camillus, Decius Mus and Scipio Africanus held prominent places in the decorative programme for the Sala dei Gigli in the palace begun in the 1470s.