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Inflammation of the cervix uteri.



(also trachelitis), inflammation of the neck, or cervix, of the uterus caused by the penetration of gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, colon bacilli, or trichomonads from the vagina into the canal of the cervix. Cervicitis may be accompanied by other gynecological disorders, including vaginitis, metritis, and salpingo-oophoritis.

The disease may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute cervicitis is manifested by mild pain in the lower part of the abdomen and lumbar region and by leukorrhea. There may be no subjective symptoms in the chronic stage. Leukorrhea may lead to cervical erosion. Discharges from the cervix are examined to identify the causative agent of the infection. Treatment varies with the cause and stage of the disease: rest, antibiotics, and sulfanilamides are prescribed for acute cervicitis, and physical therapy and other local treatments are used to treat chronic cervicitis.

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After adjusting for these factors, women with mucopurulent cervicitis had a modest, but nonsignificant, 60% increased risk of the infection, compared with those without mucopurulent cervicitis.
Mucopurulent cervicitis (MPC), an inflammation of the cervical epithelium and stroma, is widely believed to result from infection with a sexually acquired organism such as Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
They were mainly enrolled at a county STD clinic, where they were being seen for gonorrhea or chlamydial infections, bacterial vaginosis, mucopurulent cervicitis, or because they were sexual contacts of men with gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, or nongonococcal urethritis.