Mudéjar

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Mudéjar

(mo͞othā`här), name given to the MoorsMoors,
nomadic people of the northern shores of Africa, originally the inhabitants of Mauretania. They were chiefly of Berber and Arab stock. In the 8th cent. the Moors were converted to Islam and became fanatic Muslims.
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 who remained in Spain after the Christian reconquest but were not converted to Christianity, and to the style of Spanish architecture and decoration, strongly influenced by Moorish taste and workmanship, that they developed. In erecting Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance buildings, elements of Islamic art were used, achieving sometimes striking results. The dominant geometrical character, distinctly Islamic, emerged conspicuously in the accessory crafts—tilework, brickwork, wood carving, plaster carving, and ornamental metals. Even after the Muslims themselves were no longer employed, many of their contributions remained as an integral part of Spanish building. A particularly fine Mudéjar example is the Casa de Pilatos, of the early 16th cent., at Seville.

Bibliography

See G. G. King, Mudéjar (1927).

Mudejar

 

a Spanish architectural style that was prevalent from the 11th to the 16th century. The style combines Gothic and, later, Renaissance compositional devices with Moorish elements. Mudejar structures are distinguished by ornate brickwork and have horseshoe arches, vaulted roofs in the plan of a star, paneled wooden ceilings (artesonados), and rich ornamentation employing colored tile and carved alabaster and stucco.

REFERENCE

Torres Ballas, L. Arte almohade. Arte nazari. Arte mudéjar. Madrid, 1949. (Ars Hispaniae, vol. 4.)