Mudéjar

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Mudéjar

(mo͞othā`här), name given to the MoorsMoors,
nomadic people of the northern shores of Africa, originally the inhabitants of Mauretania. They were chiefly of Berber and Arab stock. In the 8th cent. the Moors were converted to Islam and became fanatic Muslims.
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 who remained in Spain after the Christian reconquest but were not converted to Christianity, and to the style of Spanish architecture and decoration, strongly influenced by Moorish taste and workmanship, that they developed. In erecting Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance buildings, elements of Islamic art were used, achieving sometimes striking results. The dominant geometrical character, distinctly Islamic, emerged conspicuously in the accessory crafts—tilework, brickwork, wood carving, plaster carving, and ornamental metals. Even after the Muslims themselves were no longer employed, many of their contributions remained as an integral part of Spanish building. A particularly fine Mudéjar example is the Casa de Pilatos, of the early 16th cent., at Seville.

Bibliography

See G. G. King, Mudéjar (1927).

Mudejar

 

a Spanish architectural style that was prevalent from the 11th to the 16th century. The style combines Gothic and, later, Renaissance compositional devices with Moorish elements. Mudejar structures are distinguished by ornate brickwork and have horseshoe arches, vaulted roofs in the plan of a star, paneled wooden ceilings (artesonados), and rich ornamentation employing colored tile and carved alabaster and stucco.

REFERENCE

Torres Ballas, L. Arte almohade. Arte nazari. Arte mudéjar. Madrid, 1949. (Ars Hispaniae, vol. 4.)
References in periodicals archive ?
44-58) describes the various types of Muslim communities that existed in Mudejar Spain, roughly between the reconquest of Toledo in 1085 and the forced conversion of Valencian Muslims in 1525-6.
As described by Bernard Vincent, "the Mudejar phase, when attempts were made to make "others" easily identifiable, must be distinguished from the Morisco phase when attempts were made to erase the identity of "others.
1) The term "Morisco" as used in reference to Spain's arguably Christianized Mudejar populations and their descendents has, in the last few years, come under scrutiny.
The archaeological investigation of the medieval (Muslim, Mudejar and Christian) settlement in the valley of the middle Segura and its historical region of the Valle de Ricote, started in 1987 and combines urban as well as rural archaeology.
But although Christians and Muslims waged bitter wars, they also lived in harmony more often than they battled, and the Alcazar is built in a type of architecture called Mudejar, which blends the two traditions together.
These, along with the painted cathedral ceiling, have been declared World Heritage sites and are unique examples of Mudejar art and architecture, the term given to a mixture of Moorish and European styles used by Muslims who chose to live under Christian rule after the re-conquest.
The opposite is true of the Mudejar style, which influenced architecture world-wide.
This room has elegant stuccoed arches, a typical domed, wooden Mudejar ceiling and superb geometric and floral carvings.
In Sahagun, in Leon province, I find the typical medieval brick churches of the Mudejar (Moorish) Romanesque style.
The nearby Alcazar was built in the 14th century in the mudejar style, a combination of Moorish and Gothic architectures.
Today, the only important witnesses of that illustrious time are the Alcazaba, now a seminary, and Mudejar (Muslims living under Christian rule) art, found in all the old churches.