reformist thinker Muhammad 'Abduh
(1849-1905), addressing this very
La respuesta del intelectual Muhammad 'Abduh
fue: el islam ha perdido la ciencia y la razon, y Occidente, al asumirla y desarrollarla a partir de la modernidad, se hace heredera y superadora del islam.
It brings in other actors and links this scene in the Arab world with other parts of the Muslim world, although this attempt remains limited to a few individuals such as Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, who exerted considerable influence on Muhammad 'Abduh
and, through him, impacted other Egyptian thinkers of the time.
According to Ahmad Subhi Mansur, Muhammad 'Abduh
forwarded the idea of Quranism many years before he.
Kerr, "Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad 'Abduh
and Rashid Rida", Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966.
and Muhammad Iqbal helped shape his answers to the question.
Kaltner presents the views of early accommodationists to modernity, such as Ahmad Khan (1817-1898), an Indian who attempted to reconcile Islam with the scientific worldviews that were developing in Europe, and the Egyptian Muhammad 'Abduh
(1849-1905), who sought to stress the compatibility of Islam and science without supporting European colonialism.
Khalafallah and his professor al-Khuli relate themselves directly to the Islamic reformation movement initiated by Muhammad 'Abduh
(1855-1905), who himself invoked the enlightened Islamic tradition in theology and philosophy.
In many ways, his career is reminiscent of that of Shaykh Muhammad 'Abduh
Two notable critics of Darwinism as materialism were Jamal al-DIn al-Afghani and Muhammad 'Abduh
, both of whom Elshakry discusses at length.
One of the major figures in the modern period who addressed the problem of the "external" influence in the language of theology and qur'anic interpretation was Muhammad 'Abduh
, the late mufti of Egypt anda Qur'an commentator.
Those who believe in the dreams of all of these reformers, going back to Mohammad Ali Pasha, Muhammad 'Abduh
and Jamal Din Afghani, and even including Sacid Nursi of Turkey and Muhammad Iqbal, believing that we can gain that technological power and at the same time remain authentically within the Muslim worldview, are themselves dreaming the impossible.