Mujtahid

Mujtahid

 

a Muslim theologian and legal expert who in the Middle Ages possessed the ijtihad (the right of independent interpretation of religious and legal matters). In Sunnism, the mujtahid is the founder and head of the madhabs (schools of Muslim jurisprudence). In Shiism, the mujtahid is a representative of the most influential circles of the upper Shiite clergy (called mojtahed in Persian).

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Whistle-blower Mujtahid, who is believed to be a member of or have a well-connected source in the Saudi royal family, revealed the role of the infamous international contractor security firm, Blackwater, in the detention of tens of princes in Saudi Arabia last year.
The platforms named in the clip are UAE71, Emirati Affairs, Emirates Now, EMASC, the UAE Omma Party (Islamist), British-based Emirates Centre for Human Rights, the London-based International Campaign for Freedoms in the UAE, Mutathaminoon account, UAE Mujtahid account, Zayed account, Arab Affairs, Al Hewar Television, Al Eslah Call, Seven Citizens, Al Khaleej Affairs, Arab 21 news site, New Khaleej, Cairo Gate, Watan, Al Arabi Al Jadeed, WAM Times News, Rasd Network, Middle East Eye, Gulf Centre for Human Rights, Amnesty UAE, and Turkey-based Barq for Research and Studies.
He thus understood al-Shafi'i's usage of ijtihad to refer to absolute ijtihad and claimed that in his own time there was no one on earth who had the qualifications of an absolute mujtahid, not even an intra-school mujtahid (42) who could exercise takhrij (that is, using the eponym's methodology to produce an opinion resembling something the eponym would have said, translated by Jackson as "extrapolation").
I refer this question to a learned man held in high esteem by religious scholars and mujtahid.
Kamran ur Rehman (Bal) bt Mujtahid Ali Shah (KPK) 4-0 (46-30, 61-43, 54-40, 62-57), Shahram Changezi (Isb) bt Najeebullah (Bal) 4-2 (87-25, 39-60, 90-07, 87-40, 37-61, 71-38), Aakash Rafique (KPK) bt Muhammad Ishtaiq (Sindh) 4-1 (58-45, 71-50, 66-56, 18-70, 68-29), Khizar Aziz (Sindh) bt Muhammad Afzaal (Pjb) 4-2 (13-78, 24-79, 63-58, 62-23, 80-12, 57-37), Muhammad Imran (Pjb) bt Abdul Raziq (Bal) 4-1 (61-19, 01-68, 66-43, 71-57, 61-18), M.
Of the running candidates, he was the only one with a high degree in religious studies from Qom - Mujtahid (master in Shia jurisprudence, a step short of full Ayatollah).
conceal their beliefs and opt for easier, and not harder, ways -- but like Sunni mujtahids, critical relations are established with the mujtahid imams so that civil life is maintained under Islamic injunctions.
Thus, an Islamic judge (qadi) who is able to figure out a solution for a new issue through his own interpretation of the Qur'an and the Sunnah is a mujtahid judge.
For example, someone could be recognized as a mujtahid without having the certificate, as was the case with Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic, or one could obtain the certificate but choose not to undertake the tasks normally performed by a mujtahid.
Gill Duffield's AS Mushrif and Rod Simpson's Mujtahid are others to consider.