Mujtahid

Mujtahid

 

a Muslim theologian and legal expert who in the Middle Ages possessed the ijtihad (the right of independent interpretation of religious and legal matters). In Sunnism, the mujtahid is the founder and head of the madhabs (schools of Muslim jurisprudence). In Shiism, the mujtahid is a representative of the most influential circles of the upper Shiite clergy (called mojtahed in Persian).

References in periodicals archive ?
Saudi Arabia has spent over 200 billion Saudi rials (over $60 billion) for its aggression against Yemen in the past nine months," Mujtahid wrote in his latest tweets.
are under the obligation to follow the guidance of the mujtahids," (89) and laymen must adhere to the mujtahid's "authority without questioning either his textual evidence or the line of reasoning he adopted in a particular case.
74) In technical sense however, it means 'the expenditure of effort in seeking and arriving at rules from the various sources of law', (75) or the effort made by the Mujtahid in seeking knowledge of the ahkam (rules) of the Shari'ah through interpretation.
Achmad Chafidz, (1,2) Mujtahid Kaavessina, (1,3) Saeed Al-Zahrani, (1,2) Ilias Ali (2)
I refer this question to a learned man held in high esteem by religious scholars and mujtahid.
Religious rulings (fiqh broadcasting) must be look deep down into a matter and, for mujtahid, it is not suffice with just the apparent meaning.
Kamran ur Rehman (Bal) bt Mujtahid Ali Shah (KPK) 4-0 (46-30, 61-43, 54-40, 62-57), Shahram Changezi (Isb) bt Najeebullah (Bal) 4-2 (87-25, 39-60, 90-07, 87-40, 37-61, 71-38), Aakash Rafique (KPK) bt Muhammad Ishtaiq (Sindh) 4-1 (58-45, 71-50, 66-56, 18-70, 68-29), Khizar Aziz (Sindh) bt Muhammad Afzaal (Pjb) 4-2 (13-78, 24-79, 63-58, 62-23, 80-12, 57-37), Muhammad Imran (Pjb) bt Abdul Raziq (Bal) 4-1 (61-19, 01-68, 66-43, 71-57, 61-18), M.
Whoever gathers all of these qualities is an absolute, independent mufti through whom the communal obligation is carried out, and he is an absolute, independent mujtahid, because he acts independently with the evidence without imitating or being restricted to anyone's madhhab.
To remedy such intrusions, Reda proposed that a new caliphate be created around a collection of states, with a supreme Mujtahid to rule as an expert on matters of religion, though he also foresaw the need for consensus among members of a Supreme Surah council.
At the bottom of the scale was the Muslim, possibly not even literate, who blindly and unreflectingly accepted the doctrine, for which he is called muqallid "imitator," because he was unable to form his own opinion, and at the other extreme was the mujtahid or independent thinker, qualified to make legal and doctrinal interpretations.
Of the running candidates, he was the only one with a high degree in religious studies from Qom - Mujtahid (master in Shia jurisprudence, a step short of full Ayatollah).