Mulk Raj Anand


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Anand, Mulk Raj

 

Born Dec. 12, 1905, in Peshawar. Indian writer and scholar. Writes in English. Graduated from the University of London in 1929; received Ph.D. from Punjabi University and became a professor there in 1962.

In 1936, together with Sajjad Zaheer, Anand organized the association of Progressive Indian Writers. He was a journalist during the Spanish Civil War and defended the cause of the Republicans (1937). In his early works, such as The Untouchable (1935) and The Village (1939), Anand described the abject life of the coolies, the untouchables, and the workers on the tea plantations. In novels and stories such as The Personal Life of an Indian Raja (1953), The Road (1961), and The Death of a Hero (1963), Anand denounced the vestiges of the colonial past, advocated the equality of all castes, and defended the rights of women. In his autobiographical dialogues Seven Summers (1951) and The Image of Dawn (1964), he depicted the making of a freedom-fighter. Anand’s works combine his own national tradition with features of the European and the Russian novel (for example, M. Gorky’s work). In his best novels, The Coolie (1936), The Sword and the Sickle (1942), and The Image of Dawn, he evidenced a tendency to socialist realism. He was awarded the International Peace Prize in 1953.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Kuli. Moscow, 1941.
Gauri. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Tupikova, Iu. E. Mulk Radzh Anand. Moscow, 1955.
Anand, M. R. Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1953.
Lindsay, J. Mulk Raj Anand: A Critical Essay. Bombay, 1948.
Contemporary Indian Literature: A Symposium. New Delhi, 1957.

IU. LEBEDEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Here, given constraints of length, I simplify my account of these London-based Indian writers and present in sketch outline the case of two prime actors, the Indian writer Mulk Raj Anand and one of his CPGB patrons, Ralph Fox, who was both on the Central Committee of the British Party and affiliated with the Comintern.
A year before Independence, Mulk Raj Anand established Marg with the now legendary "seven ads and two rooms" provided by J.
Narayan (1906-2001), a prolific novelist and essayist was, together with Raja Rao (1908-2006) and Mulk Raj Anand (1905-2004), one of the writers who mostly contributed to the development of Indian writing in English.
Topics include the cultural and political atmosphere of the India House hostel in Highgate, an ideological influence on Madan Lal Dhingra, the assassin of British colonial official Sir William Curzon Wyllie; the 1939-1949 strikes of nonunionized Indian seamen working British ships, the subtle relationship between elite resistance and imperialism as personified by the figures of Duleep Singh and Abdul Karim, both befriended by Queen Victoria; the involvement of Duleep Singh's daughter Sophia with the British suffragette movement; the relationship between South Asian and Irish nationalists in the interwar period; and the literary resistance of Mulk Raj Anand, among other subjects.
When the greatest of the great writers like Valmiki, Kamban and Kabir were Dalits, it was pointless to mention that Mulk Raj Anand wrote about the Untouchable and Arundhati Roy's Velutha was a Parayan by caste.
Premchand, Mulk Raj Anand,'' recalled the professor of the Institute of Asia Pacific Studies.
He said that all the progressive writers and poets of all the languages of Pakistan and India, Faiz, Mulk Raj Anand, Rajinder Singh Bedi and Gurbakhsh Singh are few names with which attached is the name of Arundhati Roy of our times.
Mulk Raj Anand once told me that if you want to find rarest of rare objects then head to the flea markets," Kothari says.
It may be recalled here that the Indian writers in English of the earlier generation did not have this freedom, and Mulk Raj Anand had to be content with the infelicitous translation of vernacular slang.
The writer and novelist Mulk Raj Anand, who had fought on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War, was one of those torn between his allegiance to Congress and his desire to defeat Fascism.
As Bluemel defines it, intermodernism permits new readings of traditionally neglected authors like Stevie Smith, Mulk Raj Anand, and Inez Holden; her practice here will prove useful for new readings of other authors from the period.