The importance of incorporating the effects of multiple scattering
is highlighted by the fact that when multiple scattering
is omitted from the forward model (red dashed lines), the radar and lidar signals are both underestimated.
This decrease is probably due to the increase of multiple scattering
that enhances the redistribution of the scattered field in the back hemisphere.
According to the scattering theory and the first order multiple scattering
approximation theory, [[?
Keeping the above commentary in mind, the first objective of this study is to clarify the relationship between these two scattering regimes and to show that the process of dependent scattering of light in white paint films containing TiO2 pigments is only one particular manifestation of the multiple scattering
phenomena described within the Foldy-Lax formalism.
One of the most important approaches used to describe such collisions is the Glauber's multiple scattering
theory (GMST) [2-4].
The assumption, however, is valid only when the effect of multiple scattering
Wang and Weigan Lin, "Inelastic Multiple Scattering
by Active Molecules Embedded in Randomly Distributed Spherical Scatterers," Microwave Optical Technology Letters, Vol.
Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media, Multiple Scattering
, Turbulence, Rough Surfaces and Remote Sensing, Vol.
Devaney, "Time-reversal imaging with multiple signal classification considering multiple scattering
between the targets," J.
It is widely observed that in addition to absorption in these samples multiple scattering
processes occur that affect the observed Raman intensities.
Keywords Optical property, Opacity, Rutile titanium dioxide pigment, Dependent scattering, Multiple scattering
, Spatial dispersion, T-matrix formalism
Chapters cover properties of radiation, the electromagnetic spectrum, reflection and refraction, radiative properties of natural surfaces, thermal emission, atmospheric transmission and emission, absorption by atmospheric gases, broadband fluxes and heating rates, radiative transfer equation with scattering, scattering and absorption by particles, and radiative transfer with multiple scattering