Muntiacus


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Related to Muntiacus: Muntiacus muntjak, Muntjac deer

Muntiacus

 

a genus of mammals classified in the family Cervidae of the order Artiodactyla and comprising the muntjacs. The body length is 80 to 100 cm, and the shoulder height, 45 to 58 cm. The tail is long and thin. Antlers of up to 15 cm in length occur in the male and are carried on long bony pedicels. The antlers are shed annually. The upper canines in the males are long and protrude from the mouth. The fur is short and soft; the coloration ranges from yellowish-gray to dark brown with whitish markings. There are five species, which are distributed in Southeast Asia and on the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Kalimantan. The Muntiacus feed on grasses, leaves, and shoots. They are primarily solitary animals and inhabit jungle thickets. Mating occurs throughout the year, usually resulting in one, rarely two, offspring. The Muntiacus are hunted for their flesh and hide.

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Seven species of large native ungulates are known to be present within MPF and PPWS: wild water buffalo, gaur Bosgaurus, banteng, sambar Rusa unicolor, Eld's deer, wild pig Sus scrofa and red muntjac Muntiacus muntjak (Phan et al.
In Britain, the consumption of the flowers and seed heads of ancient woodland species, including oxlips Primula elatior, wood anemones Anemone nemorosa, dog's mercury Mercurialis perennis and herb paris Paris quadrifolia, particularly by the introduced reeves' muntjac Muntiacus reevesi and naturalised fallow deer Dama dama (Tabor 2004, Cooke 2006), suggests the potential for deer to improve dispersal distances by acting as vectors for dispersal-limited woodland plants.
Barking deer also known as Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac), is a small deer of the genus Muntiacus belonging to Cervidae family in order Artiodactyla of class Mammalia.
Potential medium-to-large prey of tigers found in both study areas include sambar Cervus unicolor, chital Axis axis, barking deer Muntiacus muntjak, hog deer Axis porcinus and wild boar Sus scrofa.