Murad IV


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Murad IV,

1612?–1640, Ottoman sultan (1623–40), nephew and successor of Mustafa I. He recovered (1638) Baghdad, which Shah Abbas I of Persia had seized. On his victory he sent an order to murder his brother Beyazid. Murad possessed prodigious strength and ruled with ruthless severity. The Greek patriarch Cyril LucarisLucaris, Cyril
, 1572–1637, Greek churchman, b. Crete (then belonging to Venice). He studied at Venice and Padua and was elected patriarch of Alexandria (1602–20) and of Constantinople (1620–37).
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 was another of his victims. Murad was succeeded by his brother Ibrahim (reigned 1640–48) and Ibrahim's son Muhammad IV.
References in periodicals archive ?
To suppress riots or silence dissidents, Murad IV executed numerous people and confiscated their property.
On the 9th of July 1628, the Grand Embassy of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II, led by Kuefstein, departed from Vienna to Istanbul to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Murad IV.
In addition, the "official" borderlines were signed between the Safavid Shah Safiuddin and the Ottoman caliph Sultan Murad IV, in 1639 A.
A century later, the Turkish sultan Murad IV became alarmed that coffeehouses were centers of political criticism, so he enacted the 1633 version of campaign finance reform: Coffee was banned, cafes destroyed, and drinkers beaten or beheaded.
The anti-tobacco movement, ever the loser against a wily, deep-pocketed industry, seemed on the verge of winning its most thorough victory since 1633, when Sultan Murad IV ordered tobacco users executed as infidels.
Some cultures reacted harshly to the plant and its users: Murad IV, the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, is believed to have had 25,000 smokers killed during his reign, and Japan banned smoking five times before giving up.