Murad I

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Murad I

(mo͞oräd`), 1326?–1389, Ottoman sultan (1362?–1389), son and successor of Orkhan to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). Murad widened the Ottoman hold on European territory, conquering Macedonia and making Adrianople his residence. He granted Muslims sections of conquered lands as fiefs (see feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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). In 1373 he forced Byzantine Emperor John VJohn V
(John Palaeologus) , 1332–91, Byzantine emperor (1341–91), son and successor of Andronicus III. Forced to fight John VI (John Cantacuzene), who usurped the throne during his minority, he came into power in 1354.
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 to pay tribute. Murad began the policy of compelling Christian youths to join the army corps known as the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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. As a result of his victory at Kosovo FieldKosovo Field
, Serbian Kosovo Polje [field of the black birds], WSW of Priština, Kosovo, site of a battle in which the Turks under Sultan Murad I defeated Serbia and its Bosnian, Montenegrin, Bulgarian, and other allies in 1389.
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, Serbia came under Ottoman rule. However, Murad was assassinated in his tent by a Serbian warrior; his son Beyazid IBeyazid I
, 1347–1403, Ottoman sultan (1389–1402), son and successor of Murad I. He besieged Byzantine Emperor Manuel II at Constantinople, then overcame the Turkish rulers in E Anatolia and defeated the army of Sigismund of Hungary (see Sigismund, Holy Roman
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 succeeded him. The name also appears as Amurath.
References in classic literature ?
Show me a cavalry chief like him now that Murat is gone.
To me, it looks like Murat is the one who's got a big mouth, but I'll shut it for him when we get it on.
Both men are unbeaten - the 26-year-old Iraq-born Murat is 22-0, while 23-year-old mathematics undergraduate Cleverly is 19-0 and has been on a relentless march to the top, impressing in picking up not just the EBU strap but also the British and Commonwealth belts along the way.
MADELEINE McCann kidnap suspect Robert Murat is said to have helped police interview two of the so-called Tapas Seven.
MADELEINE McCann suspect Robert Murat is back in the frame after two new witnesses say they saw him the night the four-year-old disappeared.
Mr Murat is one of three formal suspects in the Madeleine McCann investigation along with the child's parents, Gerry and Kate.
Robert Murat is being investigated by police over the kidnap of the four-year-old.
Robert Murat is driven away from Portimao Police station in Portugal Picture, STEVE PARSONS/PA
My power is getting better with every fight, and Murat is going to feel some pain.
Mr Murat is very keen to see the case against him finished and will do whatever it takes.
Murat is away but the operation is expected to last up to four days.