Edwards Air Force Base

(redirected from Muroc Air Force Base)

Edwards Air Force Base,

U.S. military installation, 301,000 acres (121,805 hectares), S Calif., NE of Lancaster; est. 1933. It is one of the largest air force bases in the United States and has the world's longest runway. The base houses the Air Force Flight Test Center, which researches and develops aerospace weapons and rocket-propulsion systems, and the National Aeronautical and Space Administration's Flight Research Center. The base is also the proving ground for military aircraft. It was the landing point for a number of space shuttle missions; on Sept. 5, 1983, the Challenger made the first nighttime landing of a spacecraft there.
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Although flight test work began several years prior, the Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards' main unit, was officially created June 25, 1951, the same year Muroc Air Force Base was renamed for Capt.
The Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards' main unit, was officially created on June 25, 1951, the same year Muroc Air Force Base was renamed for Capt.