John Murray

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Murray, John,

1741–1815, founder of the Universalist denomination in America, b. England. He was excommunicated by the Methodists after he had openly accepted Universalism as taught by James Relly (see Universalist Church of AmericaUniversalist Church of America,
Protestant denomination originating in the 18th cent. and represented almost entirely in the United States. Universalism is the belief that it is God's purpose to save every individual from sin through divine grace revealed in Jesus.
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). Murray emigrated to America in 1770 where, after traveling as a Universalist preacher for four years in New Jersey, New York, and New England, he settled in Gloucester, Mass. He continued his preaching there and in nearby centers. In 1775, General Washington announced Murray's appointment as chaplain to the Rhode Island troops. He served as pastor of the newly organized Independent Church of Christ (1779) at Gloucester until he was called to the pastorate of the Universalist Society of Boston in 1793.

Murray, John

 

Born Mar. 3, 1841, in Cobourg, Canada; died Mar. 16, 1914, in Kirkliston, Scotland. British oceanographer and naturalist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1897).

Murray was a graduate of the University of Edinburgh. In 1872 he was a naturalist on the British ship Challenger on its around-the-world expedition headed by Charles Wyville Thomson. Murray edited the 50 volumes that constituted the expedition’s findings; he also wrote sections describing the voyage and deep-sea deposits. In 1880 and 1882 he explored Faeroe Channel. In 1906 he conducted a bathymetric survey of the freshwater lakes of Scotland. In 1910, Murray and the Norwegian scientist J. Hjort organized an oceanographic expedition to the northern Atlantic. Two years later, Murray and Hjort wrote The Depths of the Oceans.

Murray, John

(1741–1815) Universalist clergyman; born in Alton, England. The son of strict Calvinist parents, he emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1770 and for two years was an itinerant evangelist preaching a decidedly non-Calvinist doctrine of universal salvation. Considered the founder of Universalism in America, he held pastorates in Gloucester, Mass., and Boston. He suffered a paralytic stroke in 1809 and passed the last years of his life as an invalid.