Rawalpindi

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Rawalpindi

(räwəlpĭn`dē), city (1998 pop. 1,406,214), NE Pakistan. It occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a tribe of Yogis. A railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center, the city has an oil refinery, gasworks, an iron foundry, railroad yards, a brewery, sawmills, and factories making tents, textiles, hosiery, pottery, and leather goods. Sikhs settled the area in 1765 and invited nearby traders to live in Rawalpindi. After the British occupied the PunjabPunjab
[Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the same name. The Indus River bounds the region in part of the west and the Yamuna River in part of the east.
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 (1849), it became a major British military outpost. In 1919 a peace treaty ending the Third Afghan War was signed by British and Afghan representatives at Rawalpindi. The city, strategically located astride the road between the Punjab and Kashmir, is Pakistan's army headquarters. From 1959 to 1970, it was the interim capital of Pakistan. Six colleges affiliated with the Univ. of the Punjab, a polytechnic school, a police training institute, and an armed forces medical college are in Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi

 

a city in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on the Leh Nala. Population, 615,000 (1972).

Rawalpindi, an important economic and cultural center of Pakistan, is situated on routes from Punjab to Afghanistan and Kashmir. The city has been of great commercial and military strategic importance since ancient times. Its territory practically merges with that of Pakistan’s new capital, Islamabad. Rawalpindi, a transportation hub and a trade and industrial center, has food-and-condiment, textile (knitted goods and cotton, silk, and wool fabrics), footwear, pharmaceutical, oil-refining, metalworking, machine-building (mainly repair and assembly shops), and cement industries. Various crafts flourish in the city. There are oil fields near Rawalpindi.

Before the Common Era the ancient city of Gajipur was probably situated on the present-day site of Rawalpindi. In the Middle Ages it was the site of the city of Fatihpur Baori, which was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 14th century. Later the city was restored by Rawal Khan, the chief of the Ghakkar tribe, who named it after himself. Rawalpindi was under Sikh rule in the first half of the 19th century but was captured by the British colonialists in 1849. Until 1947 it was an important British military base in India. A fort and an arsenal were built, and a strong garrison and the staff of the colonial army were stationed in the city. Rawalpindi’s importance increased after the formation of Pakistan in 1947. The constitution of 1962 made the city the temporary capital of Pakistan pending the construction nearby of the new capital, Islamabad.

Rawalpindi

an ancient city in N Pakistan: interim capital of Pakistan (1959--67) during the building of Islamabad. Pop.: 1 794 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Abdul Sattar said that many roads of Saddar linked with Murree road including Bank road, Adam Jee Road, Saadi Road were closed due to which shopkeepers and citizens have been facing problems and he demanded to open these roads.
Commissioner Zahid Saeed said that funds for linking Murree road to signal free 9th avenue and reconstruction of 4 high ways have been earmarked in ADP.
Prior to launching the Metro Bus Project, the Murree Road had at least four overhead bridges for pedestrians but all of them have been removed after the operation of the metro bus service, leaving pedestrians, especially elderly people and special persons in the lurch.
There is a need to work out a permanent solution to avert traffic jams on Murree Road," said the officer.
The motorists, talking to media on this situation, said that the provincial government has spend huge amount of money on constructing flyovers on Murree Road to ensure smooth and speedy flow of traffic but the encroachers, especially the car showrooms owners, on both sides of the road are still hindering the traffic flow.
DG Parks and Horticulture Authority said that the authority has received machinery including six tractors, six hydraulic trellis and three water tanks under Murree Road beautification project.
Earlier, CTP had announced a comprehensive traffic plan to avoid traffic mess on the inaugural ceremony of MBS Project according to which parking was banned under MBS stations on Murree Road and in fast lines whereas special parking lots have been established for parking of vehicles.
Rawalpindi -- The district administration has banned entry of Suzuki vans on Murree Road, sparking protest from transporters.
RAWALPINDI -- City Traffic Police (CTP) Rawalpindi has devised a comprehensive traffic plan for Metro Bus Service (MBS) inauguration scheduled on June 4 (Thursday) aimed at avoiding vehicular mess on Murree Road and its link roads.
Rawalpindi -- Call it an engineering fault or a work done in haste, rainwater has started dripping from the ceiling of most metro bus stations from Murree Road to Islamabad Secretariat.
The Metro Bus Service track starts from Flashmans Hotel Chowk on Murree Road and ends at Pak Secretariat, covering a total distance of about 23 kilometer.
Rawalpindi -- The city traffic police have decided to take strict action against dealers selling vehicles on Murree Road and the Sadiqabad area of Rawalpindi.