House Mouse

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House Mouse

 

(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.

REFERENCES

Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.

N. V. TUPIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Gonadosomatic indices (GSI) in the experimental and control groups of male mice, Mus musculus, after different intervals Group GSI (gonad weight/100 g BW) Duration 30 days 60 days Control 0.
Periodontal disease and supernumerary teeth in a population of Mus musculus.
and Mus musculus prevail at the urbanized extreme, while mice of the genus Calomys spp.
We captured less than five individuals of Baiomys taylori, Cryptotis parva, Microtus ochrogaster, and Mus musculus (Table 1).
In preliminary experiments, amplification factors were determined for specific target sequences Mus musculus glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene 3' untranslated region (Gapd 3'-UTR), Gapd, and Mus musculus porphobilinogen deaminase (Pbgd).
Hsu received numerous awards, including the Grand Prize Silver Award for his project, Identification, Characterization, and DNA Sequencing of the Homo Sapiens and Mus Musculus COL20A1 Gene (Type XX Collagen) with Bioinformatics and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).
It is well-known that members of the Order Rodentia, whose name translates to "the gnawers," will chew on bones in the wild, and that "pest" species, such as Mus musculus (house mouse), chew through wood, plastic and many other materials they encounter.
This paper presents noteworthy records of small mammals from a collecting trip to the Llanos region in central Venezuela and includes range extensions for six taxa (Pteronotus gymnonotus, Lonchorhina orinocensis, Lonchophylla thomasi, Mus musculus, Rhipidomys leucodactylus and Sylvilagus floridanus).
Today, the sequence of genes on the chromosomes of Mus musculus, the laboratory mouse, is nearly as well charted as the human genome.
org) is the premiere effort of the Methuselah Foundation and is being offered to the scientific research team who develops the longest living Mus musculus, the breed of mouse most commonly used in scientific research.
Similarly, spillover infections of DOBV genotype Dobrava (DOBV-Af) in Mus musculus and A.