House Mouse

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House Mouse

 

(Mus musculus), a mammal of the family Muridae of the order Rodentia. The body measures 7-10.8 cm long and the tail, 4.2-10.2 cm. The house mouse is distributed almost throughout the world, except the arctic and antarctic. It is a wild species of southern origin. It utilizes the foodstuffs and domiciles of man, as a result of which it has extended its natural area of distribution greatly, living almost everywhere. Under natural conditions it digs short simple burrows or uses those of other rodents. The female gives birth to five-seven offspring. The house mouse is omnivorous. Under favorable wintering conditions and when there is abundant food, massive reproduction is possible and its numbers increase enormously. It is a pest of grain crops and destroys and fouls foodstuffs. Further, it harbors the carriers of plague; in southern regions it is the chief source of human infection with tularemia. The house mouse served as the starting point for breeding pure strains of mice used in genetic and other experimental work as laboratory animals.

REFERENCES

Argiropulo, A. I. Semeistvo Muridaemyshi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. (Fauna SSSR. Mlekopytaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 5.)
Tupikova, N. V. “Ekologiia domovoi myshi srednei polosy SSSR.”
In Materialy k poznaniiu fauny i flory SSSR; fasc. 2: Fauna i ekologiia gryzunov. Moscow, 1947.
Freye, H. A., and H. Freye. Die Hausmaus. Wittenberg, 1960.

N. V. TUPIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The tooth marks are in the size range of such small rodents as Peromyscus leucopus and Mus musculus, two species likely to live near human dwellings (Mumford & Whitaker 1982).
Fluctuating asymmetry in Mus musculus subspecific hybridization: traditional and Procrustes comparative approach.
Contamination and consumption of stored wheat by a closed population of Mus musculus.
tested (%) Spring Summer Autumn Mus musculus 2/18 (11.
Periodontal disease and supernumerary teeth in a population of Mus musculus.
Genetic basis of cold adaptation in laboratory and wild mice, Mus musculus.
Mus musculus was found in disturbed areas away from the trapping grids.
The present study aims at determining toxicity of rifampicin on developing Mus musculus.
We captured less than five individuals of Baiomys taylori, Cryptotis parva, Microtus ochrogaster, and Mus musculus (Table 1).
Dynamics of t-alleles in Mus musculus populations: review and speculation.
fulviventer, Peromyscus maniculatus, Reithrodontomys megalotis, and Mus musculus.