Muscidae


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Related to Muscidae: Calliphoridae, Tabanidae, Tachinidae, Sarcophagidae, Tephritidae

Muscidae

[′məs·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A family of myodarian cyclorrhaphous dipteran insects in the subsection Calypteratae; includes the houseflies, stable flies, and allies.

Muscidae

 

(typical muscids), a family of insects of the order Diptera. The body length measure 2–15 mm. The coloration is usually dark; more rarely it is yellow or with a dark blue or green metallic sheen. The body is covered with hairs and setae. There are about 5,000 species, which are widely distributed in all parts of the world. In the Palearctic there are more than 800 species.

Most of the Muscidae feed on decomposing organic matter, on plant juices, on manure, and on human feces; however, some are predators and still others are bloodsuckers. The majority of Muscidae deposit eggs, as many as 2,000 in a lifetime; a few species are viviparous. The larvae develop in decomposing organic matter, in manure, and, occasionally, in living tissues of plants and animals. In some species the larvae are predators, mostly feeding on the larvae of coprophagous flies. Other Muscidae larvae parasitize the Acridoidea and the Aculeata.

There are more than 50 species living commensally with man, for example, the housefly (Musca domestica), the market fly, (Musca sorbens), and the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans). These species are carriers of causative agents of diseases that infect man and animals, such as cholera, dysentery, certain eye diseases, anthrax, and trypanosomiases. Certain larvae of Muscidae cause myiases in man and animals; others are herbivorous and damage cultivated plants. The herbivorous larvae include the cabbage-root maggot (Hlemyia brassicae), the onion maggot (Hyelemyia antiqua), the beet leaf-miner (Pegomyia hyosciami), and the seed-corn maggot (Hyelemyia cilicrura). Control of pest species of Muscidae involves the strict observance of sanitary and hygienic laws in populated areas. Spraying of breeding grounds and domestic premises with various insecticides is highly effective.

REFERENCES

Zimin, L. S. Sem. Muscidae: Nastoiashchie mukhi (Triby Muscini Stomoxydini). Moscow-Leningrad, 1951. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 18, fasc. 4.)
Zimin L. S., and K. Iu. El’berg. “Sem. Muscidae—Nastoiashchie mukhi.” In Opredelitel nasekomykh Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR, vol. 5, part 2. Leningrad, 1970.

V. F. ZAITSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
2 Diptera Calliphoridae Chrysomya megacephala 2 Diptera Calliphoridae Chrysomya rufifacies 2,8 Diptera Muscidae Musca domestica 2 Diptera Calliphoridae Phormia regina 2 Diptera Muscidae Hydrotaea leucostoma 4 Diptera Stratiomyidae Hermetia illucens 8 Diptera Fanniidae Fannia spp.
2005) his species attacks several species of Diptera, particularly those in the families Calliphoridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae and Tachinidae (Greenberg, 1971) N.
Seventeen of these were common to both the Kiuic and the Tabi areas: Tabanidae, Stratiomyidae, Asilidae, Culicidae, Mycetophilidae, Tachinidae, Muscidae, Tipulidae, Anthomyiidae, Bombyliidae, Tanypezidae, Syrphidae, Sciaridae, Pipunculidae, Chironomidae, Dolichopodidae, and Conopidae.
Additionally, considering that several Calliphoridae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae species cause myiasis and can transmit pathogens to man and other vertebrates (Guimaraes & Papavero 1999), the need for field surveys to fully establish the distribution of these species becomes clear.
This represents only the tenth record of phoresy of Anoplura by Diptera and the fifth record by Muscidae.
Adult Calliphoridae, Hippoboscidae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae were collected from forests, zoos, ranches, and farms (Table).
To determine whether spiders feed on carrion, we fed them flies in the families Muscidae, Calliphoridae, and Sarcophagidae.
larva/pupa wingless concealed Cecidomyiidae adult winged exposed Muscidae adult winged exposed Hemiptera Anthocoridae adult winged exposed Nabidae adult winged exposed Homoptera Aclerdidae Nipponaclerda biwakoensis adult wingless concealed Aphididae adult winged exposed Cicadellidae adult winged exposed Delphacidae adult winged exposed Hymenoptera Braconidae Apanteles spp.
Couri and Barros (2010) recorded 15 specimens of Muscidae impaled with Stylogaster eggs, 14 from Madagascar and one from South Africa, belonging to 10 species, three of which were new records.
The apparent lack of overlap between kleptoparasitic Muscidae (only on Scarabaeus) and kleptoparasitic Sphaeroceridae (only on Pachylomera) during this short, opportunistic study suggests that the partitioning of resources within communities of scarab-associated kleptoparasites would warrant further investigation.
1 Syrphidae 4 3 Tephritidae 2 4 Calliphoridae 3 Muscidae 2 8 Sciaridae 8 Dolichopodidae 21 20 Ephydridae 26 2 Lauxaniidae 2 1 Chloropidae 68 21 Chamaemyiidae 1 Agromyzidae 16 3 Drosophilidae 6 1 Stratiomyidae 4 Empididae 1 Phoridae 5 Chironomidae 2 Milichiidae 7 Mycetophilidae 2 Cecidomyiidae 1 Pipunculidae 1 Otitidae 1 Sepsidae 4 Anthomyzidae 13 Trixoscelididae 2 Lepidoptera 0.
The flies, identified primarily to the order Diptera and the families Muscidae and Calliphoridae, were counted; the count showed that 917 [+ or -] standard deviation (SD) (843.