cramp

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cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
3) Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as inadequate blood supply and narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs and can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising.
Muscle cramps may have serious consequences for patients who experience them.
Muscle cramps possibly cause pain by mechanical shearing forces on nociceptors within the muscle as some muscle fibers cramp while other nearby fibers do not cramp.
Retailer interest in Cramp911 has been keen since Cramp911 represents a new category of topical muscle relaxer aimed at relieving muscle cramps and spasms in under a minute.
Consumers can now find the latest information on the only over-the-counter oral medications for treating cold sores, canker sores, muscle cramps and shingles at the newly launched American Bioceuticals Web site, www.
For the study, the researchers used an electrical neurostimulator to induce muscle cramps in the feet of 37 healthy people.
They include: muscle cramps or stiffness; constipation; and dry skin and hair.
But the 31-year-old will also be battling his own body as he tries to overcome the muscle cramps and headaches brought about by swinging sugar levels.
Overall, the review provides useful information regarding treatment options when patients request assistance with their muscle cramps.
Explaining the contents of the health kit, the official said: "Firstly, they should take the medicines that are needed in case of sudden illnesses such as cold, fever, skin allergies, muscle cramps and stomach disorders.
Jean Romagnoli, a sports physician who is looking after the miners' physical fitness said that they would have to perform 20 minutes of aerobic exercise everyday until they are rescued to prevent muscle cramps during the rescue operation.
And there are other reasons for having low sodium levels in the bloodstream--a condition called hyponatremia, which can cause nausea, fatigue, and muscle cramps.