cramp

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Related to Muscle cramps: Muscle spasms, Muscle pain, Leg cramps

cramp,

painful uncontrollable contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The type that results from cold, strain, or disturbance of circulation (as experienced by swimmers) is eased by massage and the application of heat. Cramp in the abdominal or skeletal muscles brought on by hard physical exertion in extremely high temperatures (e.g., in miners, stokers, or firemen) because of loss of salt from the body during profuse perspiration can last for hours or days if untreated. Such cramps are considered to be a type of heat exhaustionheat exhaustion,
condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes unconsciousness.
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. A cool atmosphere and the replacement of salt and water orally or intravenously is required, and application of heat is not recommended. Heat cramps in persons who do heavy labor can be prevented by the addition of salt to drinking water or by taking salt tablets. Contraction of muscles in a hollow organ is known as coliccolic,
intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or
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. A stitch in the side is due to a cramp in the muscles between the ribs.

cramp

[kramp]
(design engineering)
A metal plate with bent ends used to hold blocks together.
(medicine)
Painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle, such as a leg or foot cramp that may occur in normal individuals at night or in swimming.
Any cramplike pain, as of the intestine, or that accompanying dysmenorrhea.
Spasm of certain muscles, which may be intermittent or constant, from excessive use.

cramp

cramp, 1
1. A U-shaped metal fastening to hold adjacent units of masonry together, as in a

cramp

1
1. a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group
3. severe abdominal pain

cramp

2
1. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
References in periodicals archive ?
1)A muscle cramp is a painful contraction or tightening of a muscle that comes on suddenly and lasts a few seconds to several minutes.
Local heat (including showers or baths) or ice, massage, walking or leg jiggling followed by leg elevation, are other methods reported to help relieve muscle cramps (Holley, 2011; Sheon, 2011).
A blinded, placebo-controlled study of vitamin B complex (30 mg/day) randomizing 28 patients observed a remission of muscle cramps in 86% of treated patients receiving active medication who were not known to be vitamin deficient.
Propranolol, a blocker of [beta]-adrenergic receptors, also exhibits various muscular side effects, including myopathy, (8) weakness, (7) myotonia, (11) muscle cramps, (9) neuromuscular depression, (12) myofibrillar disruption, (10) or elevated CK levels.
Muscle cramps usually happen because of overuse, either putting too much strain on a muscle, or using one that you don't usually exercise.
There are several theories to account for muscle cramps including dehydration, low calcium levels, and low electrolytes, but the leading theory is that excessive sodium loss through sweat without adequate replacement causes exertional cramps.
Plus, the drink is formulated to promote continuous consumption and prevent muscle cramps by providing 50% more potassium and 50% less sodium than other sports drinks used in industry.
If the hypothesis of diaphragmatic cramp is true, it is likely to be a painful involuntary contraction of the skeletal muscle component of the diaphragm, akin to muscle cramps common to limb and trunk muscles.
The drugs side effects - primarily muscle cramps and nausea - can be controlled and are less serious than those of many standard cancer drugs, he points out.
Pregnant women may have muscle cramps because the needs of the developing baby throw off the balance of body fluids.
Side effects may include loss of too much potassium, weakness, muscle cramps, joint pains, and impotence.
Cramp911 is a new class of OTC medication aimed at relieving muscle cramps and spasms in under a minute, thus avoiding the "post-cramp pain" so often associated with cramps.