Yoweri Museveni

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Museveni, Yoweri

(you`ərē mo͞o'səvā`nē), 1944?–, Ugandan political leader, president of Uganda (1986–), b. Ntungamo. He studied economics and political science at the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (B.A., 1970), where he headed a leftist student group. He worked briefly as an intelligence official in the government of Milton OboteObote, Apollo Milton
, 1924–2005, president of Uganda (1966–71, 1980–85). Obote, a member of the legislative council of Uganda from 1957, founded (1960) the Uganda People's Congress.
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. When Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
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 took power, Museveni went into exile (1971) in Tanzania, organizing an opposition group that had a pivotal role in overthrowing (1979) Amin. Museveni lost to Obote in the 1980 presidential elections, which were widely believed to have been fixed. He then founded the National Resistance Army (NRA), which ultimately won the five-year guerrilla war; Museveni was declared president.

Pledging to restore peace and end ethnic strife, he instituted a number of reforms, e.g., the privatization of state-owned companies and promotion of a free market to help rebuild Uganda's ravaged economy, cutbacks in government spending, and an independent judiciary, and instituted an effective program to control the spread of AIDS. He also long opposed multiparty democracy, maintaining that it required a thriving economy and viable middle class. Generally considered a leading African statesman and power broker, Museveni has called for Africans to stop blaming colonialism for their problems and to attempt to operate without Western aid. However, Uganda also has intervened in the political affairs of neighboring countries, including Congo, Rwanda, and Sudan. Museveni's reputation has been tarnished by profiteering and looting by Uganda's forces in the Congo and by his increasingly autocratic rule, failure to tackle corruption, and intolerance for political opposition.

Uganda's first direct presidential election (1996) returned Museveni to office by an overwhelming majority, but a referendum that approved (2000) continuing his so-called no-party state saw a large drop in voter turnout. He was reelected president by a large majority in 2001, but this time there were cleared indications of vote fraud, although it seemed to have inflated rather than ensured his win. A 2005 referendum, which approved returning to a multiparty system, was supported by Museveni. He was elected to a third term in 2006 after the constitution was amended (2005) to permit him to do so and won again in 2011 and 2016, in elections that were marred by irregularities.

Bibliography

See his Selected Articles on the Uganda Resistance War (1986); G. Ondoga Ori Amaza, Museveni's Long March (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
December 4, 2015 (KHARTOUM) - Sudanese First Vice-President Bakri Hassan Salih and the Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni Friday discussed the outstanding security issues between the two countries.
Uganda s incumbent President Yoweri Museveni stated that four dams would be built in the region, which is returning from a two decade long rebellion.
Une visite guidee a ainsi ete organisee pour Museveni et la delegation qui l'accompagne aux principales unites de la raffinerie, en presence du ministre de l'Energie, Salah Khebri.
16 (SUNA) - The Ugandan President, Yoweri Museveni, has affirmed the importance of economic integration between the African countries for realizing development and stability for the continent's peoples.
PEKyN (CyHAN)- Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who is mediating talks in Burundi, said the government, opposition and civil society have agreed to fast-track talks aimed at ending the crisis in the East African country.
According to dpa, the East African Community (EAC) announced it had appointed Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni to facilitate talks between the Burundian government and the opposition.
de) has sent a book on homosexuality in animals to the president of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni.
ABU DHABI, Dec 8 (KUNA) -- Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi General Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan here on Monday discussed with visiting President of the Republic of Uganda Yoweri Museveni regional and international developments.
London, July 5 ( ANI ): Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda, believes that the Africans are poor because they are lazy, too fond of sex and they just want multiply and fill the earth.
Uganda risks losing cordial relations with the international community if President Yoweri Museveni does not repeal the anti-gay bill he signed into law on Monday.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said the bill, which goes into effect immediately, was needed because the West is promoting homosexuality in Africa.
The president of Uganda Yoweri Museveni has stated that the government is considering the introduction of Islamic banking in the country.