Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Musharaff)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted in one case in 2016. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.


See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Buner -- The acting district sports officer Musharaff Khan has claimed funds rupees 1.
This was stated by Secretary FATA Athletic Association Musharaff Khan while talking to reporter here on Monday.
Musharaff had sought to seek election to the National Assembly by running for a seat in the town of Chitral.
Similarly, despite the fast growth, the tax-to-GDP ratio did not rise significantly during the peak days of the Musharaff regime.
Musharaff, Waseem, Daya, Faisal, Aswar, Rasanga and Daniel took a wicket each.
Under the hammer of the US, former president Pervez Musharaff, also the military chief, agreed to support the Americans in the immediate aftermath of 9/11.
A released prisoner from Pakistan, Musharaff Hussain, told reporters that he had been in a Pakistan prison for 34 years.
The Bangladesh delegation will comprise speaker of the Bangladesh Parliament Abdul Hameed and senior minister Musharaff Hossain.
Her civilian successor, Nawaz Sharif, was overthrown by another military coup which brought Musharaff to power from 1999 to 2008.
In 2007, Pervez Musharaff, the then president, suspended the constitution and fired the judges over disagreement with opposition parties and supreme court judges over his legitimacy.
The Pashtuns respect only power and courage not indecision or withdrawal, said former Pakistan president Pervez Musharaff on CNN.
Those early Musharaff years are a far cry from today where the Pakistani rupee is now at 83 Rs to the dollar compared to 60 Rs back then, and GDP growth has been a paltry 1-2 per cent.