music hall

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music hall.

In England, the Licensing Act of 1737 confined the production of legitimate plays to the two royal theaters—Drury Lane and Covent Garden; the demands for entertainment of the rising lower and middle classes were answered by song, dance, and acrobatics, and later by pantomime and comic skits and sketches provided by keepers of inns and taverns. The atmosphere, amidst eating and drinking, was boisterous and gay. Following the abolition (c.1843) of the royal-theater patents, the rise of the music hall as a separate place of variety entertainment was rapid. Personalities, such as the English Joseph Grimaldi, Dan Leno, Beatrice Lillie, and Gracie Fields and the French Yvette Guilbert, Maurice Chevalier, and Edith Piaf became stars, beloved by their audiences. Like American vaudevillevaudeville
, originally a light song, derived from the drinking and love songs formerly attributed to Olivier Basselin and called Vau, or Vaux, de Vire. Similar to the English music hall, American vaudeville was a live entertainment consisting of unrelated songs,
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, the music hall went into a decline with the coming of radio and motion pictures.

Bibliography

See D. Howard, London Theatres and Music Halls, 1850–1950 (1971).

Music Hall

 

a type of variety theater. It derived from early 18th-century shows in English taverns, in which devices of farce, buffoonery, and grotesque were widely used.

One of the first music halls was organized at Vauxhall, a suburb of London. In 1890 the Alhambra Music Hall was opened in London, with variety and circus performers appearing in reviews; particularly successful were the comic clown acts. At first, music-hall performances were intended primarily to appeal to the broad masses of the people; however, European and American music halls later produced extravagant stage acts, grandiose spectacles (reviews), and vulgar erotic performances (with nude dancing girls).

The futurists devoted much attention to the music hall, contrasting its mechanical quality with dramatic theater. They attempted to justify the place of music halls in an industrial society. In the USSR the first music hall was opened in 1923 at the Moscow Aquarium Gardens. In 1926 a music hall was established on the present-day site of the Second State Circus (including the following reviews staged in 1934: How the 14th Division Entered Paradise by Dem’ian Bednyi and Under the Circus Dome by Il’f, Petrov, and Kataev). Music halls were also opened in Leningrad, Gorky, Rostov-on-Don, Baku, Taganrog, and other places. (They remained open until the mid-1930’s.) In the early 1960’s, the Moscow, Leningrad, and Georgian traveling music halls were established.

IU. A. DMITRIEV

music hall

Chiefly Brit
1. 
a. a variety entertainment consisting of songs, comic turns, etc.
b. (as modifier): a music-hall song
2. a theatre at which such entertainments are staged
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References in periodicals archive ?
Colourful music halls developed in Victorian times and offered variety shows featuring many different acts from jugglers and acrobats to singers and comedians.
THERE'S a return to the stage next weekend for Huddersfield-born actor Gorden Kaye (pictured) who features in a music hall spectacular in Leeds.
STARSTRUCK: here's one of the music halls Billy Sherlock might have played.
These performers, known as 'artistes' in the music hall vernacular, larded their routines with subversive, mocking or critical allusions to local characters, places and events.
Mr James said The Palace Theatre, a Grade II listed building, is now one of only two purpose-built music halls still standing in Britain, the other one being in Leeds.
We started the music hall venture in January 2000 and it has just gone from strength to strength.
He has also included songs that are "still remembered and performed," as his intended audience is primarily performers and producers of music hall today--the so-called old-time shows (p.
The LACMA program is grouped in four themes: ``Laughter and Tears,'' ``The Evolution of the Tramp,'' ``The Social Satirist'' and ``A Child of the Music Hall.
He was obsessed with her until the end, but she remained a millstone around his neck After she took up acrobatic with new partners, Legat arranged sensational number for engagements in Paris music halls.
com's Riffage Live division, with Tony Caparelli, a 20 year Great American Music Hall veteran, providing day-to-day management.
33] Music halls were one such ambiguous area, and older middle-class men were in the audience from a very early date.
For the next few years, Ninette de Valois, as she was now known ("My mother thought of the name because our family had French connections"), performed at most of the London music halls.