music search

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music search

To find information about songs and music. There are many music database and identification services on the Internet that enable users to find missing track titles for their CDs and digital files, as well as identify songs by sound, singing or humming. There are also services that recommend songs to users based on their taste (see music recommendation service). Following are the various ways music databases are searched.

Search by Disc Table of Contents
Although added later (see CD Text), the only descriptive data (meta-data) in the original CD music disc were a table of contents (TOC) containing track numbers and lengths. In order to display artist and song titles on the computer or add them to MP3 files when ripping CDs, several databases were developed that identify a disc by table of contents. See music CD identification.

Search by Digital File Fingerprint
MP3, AAC and other compressed audio files contain fields (tags) for the names of the album, artist, tracks, genre, etc. Tags with missing or incorrect data can be updated with the correct data. An acoustic fingerprint of the file is computed and sent to a fingerprint database for matching. See music file identification and acoustic fingerprint.

Search by Audio Fingerprint
Songs can be identified by a sample of the actual sound being played on the radio. An acoustic fingerprint of the sample is computed and sent to a fingerprint database for matching. A fingerprint algorithm for audio is more sophisticated than one used for file recognition (above). The reason is that the audio sample can be a few seconds from any part of the song, whereas a digital file is entirely available for analysis. See Shazam, midomi, Mobile MusicID, MusicDNS and acoustic fingerprint.

Search by Human Example (Sing, Hum, Tap, etc.)
People can find the name of a song or musical piece by singing or humming the tune or tapping out the melody and rhythm. See midomi and Musipedia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Information on state-of-the-art algorithms capable of melody extraction and their performance can be found in the Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX) [27].
instrument, style, mood) may be extracted by a properly trained music information retrieval system (5).
Klapuri, "Audio-based music structure analysis," in Proceedings of the 11th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR '10), pp.
Downie, "The music information retrieval evaluation exchange 2005-2007: A window into music information retrieval research", Acoustical Science and Technology, vol.
2008), "A Music Database and Query System for Recombinant Composition", paper at the 9th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, September 14-18, Drexel University, Philadelphia.
Keywords: Music information retrieval, RISM, ground truth, Filtering
Includes papers from the 2003 International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR).
The development was made public late last week at the International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, held at the Pompidou Centre in Paris.
Almost all work on music information retrieval to date has concentrated on music in the audio and event (normally MIDI) domains.
Music Information Retrieval, primarily focusing on audio-based genre classification, artist/style identification, and similarity estimation.
We analyze problems of music searching and main tasks the developers face in the domain of music information retrieval.
Music information retrieval (MIR) has been a matter of interest [1,2,3,4].

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