Musical Tone


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Tone, Musical

 

a tone with a basic pitch ranging from C three octaves below middle C to the C or D of the fifth octave (from 16 to 4,000–4,500 cycles per sec). Its loudness may not exceed the pain threshhold.

Musical tones are quite varied in duration and timbre. They are organized into a musical system: each octave usually has only 12 tones, each a semitone apart. The dynamic markings constitute the scale of loudness (pianissimo, piano, mezzopiano, mezzoforte, forte, fortissimo) that does not have absolute meaning. In the most widespread system of rhythmic duration, sounds are in a 1:2 relationship (quarter notes being half as long as half notes and half notes half as long as whole notes). The timbre of a sound is determined primarily by its overtones and the method that produces the sound (voice or instrument). In music many timbres and combinations of timbres are employed.

REFERENCES

Muzykal’naia akustika, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Mutli, A. F. “Zvuk i slukh.” In the collection Voprosy muzykoznaniia, vol. 3. Moscow, 1960.
Stumpf, K. Tonpsychologie, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1883–90.
Handschin, J. Der Toncharakter. Zürich [1948].

IU. N. RAGS

References in classic literature ?
The Bellman perceived that their spirits were low, And repeated in musical tone Some jokes he had kept for a season of woe-- But the crew would do nothing but groan.
but in a more musical tone than the shrill screech in which he had begun.
For instance, the Chinese medical theory suggests that each of the internal organs responds positively to a specific musical tone that could help its healing process.
The brain undergoes immediate changes in response to a single experience of picking up an instrument and trying to produce a specific musical tone, a new study suggests.
R--Refinement of musical tone creation through thoughtful repetition and listening.
The instrument, a prototype, uses a mechanical slider to create a musical tone, and it can be operated very simply by touch.
On Thursday the musical tone will turn to neo-impressionist flutes, homemade dulcimers and earthen electronics and the work of Isnaj Dui, and Friday sees a live set on BassComputer, presented by Kasper T Toeplitz.
Fortepianist Robert Levin, known as a Mozart scholar, is likely responsible for setting the musical tone here.
The surprise set a fun, musical tone for the day, which saw Joelle walk down the aisle to the theme of Jupiter, from Gustav Holst: The Planets Suite, played by a brass section.
The right way to combine a musical tone with other tones is already built into the tone itself.
O'KEEFE: As far as musical tone goes, we're all over the map.